Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2007. Economic Security Risk Factor 6. Child SUPPORT

07/31/2007

Figure ECON 6. Child Support Collections Received by Families, by Receipt of IV-D Services and Other Assistance (Billions of 2003 Dollars): 1993-2003

ECONOMIC SECURITY RISK FACTOR 6. CHILD SUPPORT

Source: Unpublished tabulations from the Current Population Survey, Child Support Supplement, 1994-2004.


  • In 2003 families reported receiving $25.6 billion in child support payments from nonresident parents. This amount represents current year support received for a twelvemonth period and does not include amounts paid for prior periods (arrearages) or amounts retained by the federal and state government to recoup welfare costs. Total child support collections have increased by 24 percent since 1993, after adjusting for inflation.
  • The amount of payments received by families who also received AFDC/TANF cash assistance at some point in the year has declined, from $3.1 billion in 1993 (in inflationadjusted dollars) to $2.6 billion in 2003. This partly reflects the decline in the AFDC/TANF caseloads. In addition, some states no longer “pass-through” any payments to families receiving TANF. Prior to the enactment of PRWORA in 1996, states were required to pass-through the first $50 of any child support collected.
  • Child support payments to families who did not receive TANF, but received another form of public assistance (SSI, food stamps, Medicaid or housing assistance) increased significantly between 1993 and 2003, from $2.1 to $5.3 billion (in 2003 dollars). This group of families includes former TANF recipients, as well as families at risk of turning to cash assistance. The increased collections for this group more than offset the decline in payments to TANF families.
  • The total amount reported received by families through the child support enforcement system (Title IV-D of the Social Security Act) was $16.2 billion, or 63 percent of all child support payments received by families, as shown in Table ECON 6.
  Collections (billions) Total (percent)
Current $ Constant 03$

Note: AFDC/TANF families are families who have reported receiving cash assistance for any month during the 12-month period.  Therefore, not all the child support reported received was necessarily received while the family received cash assistance. Data limitations do not allow a monthby- month breakdown.

Families receiving SSI, food stamps, Medicaid or housing assistance are limited to families not receiving AFDC/TANF.

Families receiving services through the IV-D system are estimated according to the methodology described in technical appendices to the ASPE-published report Characteristics of Families Using Title IV-D Services in 1999 and 2001, available at: http://aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/CSEChar04/index.htm and previous reports. Due to a slight change in methodology, estimates for 1993 through 2001 differ slightly from estimates in previously published reports.

Source: Unpublished tabulations from the Current Population Survey, Child Support Supplement, 1994-2004.

2001 Receiving Title IV-D Child Support Services and:      
    TANF 2.6 2.6 10
    Food Stamps, SSI, Medicaid or Housing 5.3 5.3 21
    Child Support Services Only 8.3 8.3 32
    Subtotal Families Receiving IV-D Services 16.2 16.2 63
Not Receiving IV-D Child Support Services 9.4 9.4 37
Total Families 25.6 25.6 100
2001 Receiving Title IV-D Child Support Services and:      
    TANF 1.5 1.6 7
    Food Stamps, SSI, Medicaid or Housing 3.7 3.8 16
    Child Support Services Only 8.3 8.6 36
    Subtotal Families Receiving IV-D Services 13.5 14.0 59
Not Receiving IV-D Child Support Services 9.4 9.8 41
Total Families 22.9 23.8 100
1999 Families Receiving Title IV-D Child Support Services and:      
    TANF 1.7 1.9 8
    Food Stamps, SSI, Medicaid or Housing 2.9 3.2 14
    Child Support Services Only 6.7 7.5 34
    Subtotal IV-D Families 11.3 12.5 56
Families Not Receiving IV-D Child Support Services 8.8 9.7 44
Total Families 20.1 22.2 100
1997 Families Receiving Title IV-D Child Support Services and:      
    AFDC/TANF 2.5 2.9 12
    Food Stamps, SSI, Medicaid or Housing 2.8 3.2 14
    Child Support Services Only 5.9 6.8 29
    Subtotal IV-D Families 11.2 12.8 55
Families Not Receiving IV-D Child Support Services 9.3 10.7 45
Total Families 20.6 23.5 100
1995 Families Receiving Title IV-D Child Support Services and:      
    AFDC 2.4 2.9 12
    Food Stamps, SSI, Medicaid or Housing 2.0 2.4 10
    Child Support Services Only 6.7 8.1 34
    Subtotal IV-D Families 11.1 13.3 56
Families Not Receiving IV-D Child Support Services 8.8 10.5 44
Total Families 19.9 23.8 100
1993 Families Receiving Title IV-D Child Support Services and:      
    AFDC 2.5 3.1 15
    Food Stamps, SSI, Medicaid or Housing 1.7 2.1 10
    Child Support Services Only 4.7 5.9 28
    Subtotal IV-D Families 8.8 11.0 53
Families Not Receiving IV-D Child Support Services 7.7 9.7 47
Total Families 16.5 20.7 100

 

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