Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2007. Economic Security Risk Factor 1. Poverty Rates

07/31/2007

Figure ECON 1. Percentage of Persons in Poverty, by Age: 1959-2005

Figure ECON 1. Percentage of Persons in Poverty, by Age: 1959-2005

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, “Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2005,” Current Population
Reports
, Series P60-231, and data published online at http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty.html.


  • The official poverty rate was 12.6 percent in 2005. The percentage of persons living in poverty in 2005 was below the poverty rates experienced during all of the 1980s and most of the 1990s.
  • Children under 18 had a poverty rate of 17.6 percent in 2005, down slightly from 17.8 percent in 2004. As in past years, the child poverty rate is considerably higher than the overall poverty rate.
  • The poverty rate for the elderly (persons ages 65 and over) was 10.1 percent in 2005, up slightly from 9.8 in 2004. This was a percentage point below the 11.1 percent rate for adults ages 18-64 and far lower than poverty rate of children, as shown in table ECON 1.

Table ECON 1. Percentage of Persons in Poverty, by Age and Marital Status: Selected Years

Calendar
Year
Related Children All Persons
Ages 0-5 Ages 6-17 Total Under 18 1 18 to 64 65 & over Married Families Female Householder 3

1 All persons under 18 include related children (own children, including stepchildren and adopted children, plus all other children in the household who are related to the householder by birth, marriage, or adoption), unrelated individuals under 18 (persons who are not living with any relatives), and householders or spouses under age 18.

2 In 1959-1987, persons in “Married Families” include a small number of persons in male-headed families with no spouse present. In 1988, the first year for which we have separate data for these families, poor persons in male-headed families with no spouse present comprised just over 8 percent of the combined total in both groups of persons below the poverty level.

3 No spouse present.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, “Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2005,” Current Population
Reports
, Series P60-231, and data published online at http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty.html.

1959 NA NA 22.4 27.3 17.0 35.2 18.2 2 49.4
1963 NA NA 19.5 23.1 NA NA 14.9 2 47.7
1966 NA NA 14.7 17.6 10.5 28.5 10.3 2 39.8
1969 15.3 13.1 12.1 14.0 8.7 25.3 7.4 2 38.2
1973 15.7 13.6 11.1 14.4 8.3 16.3 6.0 2 37.5
1976 17.7 15.1 11.8 16.0 9.0 15.0 6.4 2 37.3
1979 17.9 15.1 11.7 16.4 8.9 15.2 6.3 2 34.9
1980 20.3 16.8 13.0 18.3 10.1 15.7 7.4 2 36.7
1981 22.0 18.4 14.0 20.0 11.1 15.3 8.1 2 38.7
1982 23.3 20.4 15.0 21.9 12.0 14.6 9.1 2 40.6
1983 24.6 20.4 15.2 22.3 12.4 13.8 9.3 2 40.2
1984 23.4 19.7 14.4 21.5 11.7 12.4 8.5 2 38.4
1985 22.6 18.8 14.0 20.7 11.3 12.6 8.2 2 37.6
1986 21.6 18.8 13.6 20.5 10.8 12.4 7.3 2 38.3
1987 22.3 18.3 13.4 20.3 10.6 12.5 7.2 2 38.1
1988 21.8 17.5 13.0 19.5 10.5 12.0 6.6 37.2
1989 21.9 17.4 12.8 19.6 10.2 11.4 6.7 35.9
1990 23.0 18.2 13.5 20.6 10.7 12.2 6.9 37.2
1991 24.0 19.5 14.2 21.8 11.4 12.4 7.2 39.7
1992 25.7 19.4 14.8 22.3 11.9 12.9 7.7 38.5
1993 25.6 20.0 15.1 22.7 12.4 12.2 8.0 38.7
1994 24.5 19.5 14.5 21.8 11.9 11.7 7.4 38.6
1995 23.7 18.3 13.8 20.8 11.4 10.5 6.8 36.5
1996 22.7 18.3 13.7 20.5 11.4 10.8 6.9 35.8
1997 21.6 18.0 13.3 19.9 10.9 10.5 6.4 35.1
1998 20.6 17.1 12.7 18.9 10.5 10.5 6.2 33.1
1999 18.4 15.7 11.9 17.1 10.1 9.7 5.9 30.5
2000 17.8 14.7 11.3 16.2 9.6 9.9 5.5 27.9
2001 18.2 14.6 11.7 16.3 10.1 10.1 5.7 28.6
2002 18.5 15.3 12.1 16.7 10.6 10.4 6.1 28.8
2003 19.8 15.9 12.5 17.6 10.8 10.2 6.2 30.0
2004 20.0 16.0 12.7 17.8 11.3 9.8 6.4 30.5
2005 20.0 15.7 12.6 17.6 11.1 10.1 5.9 31.1

 

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