Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2007. Appendix C. Additional Nonmarital Birth Data

07/31/2007

Table C-1. Percentage of Births to Unmarried Women Within Age Groups, by Race/Ethnicity

  White Black1 Hispanic2
  Total Teens3 Age 15 - 17 Age 18 - 19 Total Women Total Teens Age 15 - 17 Age 18 - 19 Total Women Total Teens Age 15 - 17 Age 18 - 19 Total Women
1940 7 2 36 17
1945 10 2 41 18
1950 6 10 5 2 37 48 28 18
1955 7 10 5 2 42 52 33 20
1960 7 12 5 2 43 54 34 22
1965 12 17 9 4 51 63 39 26
1970 17 25 14 6 64 76 52 38
1975 23 33 17 7 78 87 68 49
1980 34 45 27 11 86 93 80 56 42 51 36 24
1985 45 58 38 15 91 96 86 61 61 46 30
1990 57 68 51 20 92 96 89 67 62 68 54 37
1991 59 70 53 22 93 96 90 68 64 69 56 38
1992 61 71 55 23 93 96 90 68 65 69 57 39
1993 63 72 57 24 93 96 91 69 66 69 58 40
1994 68 78 62 25 95 98 93 70 73 77 65 43
1995 68 77 62 25 95 98 93 70 71 75 62 41
1996 69 79 63 26 96 98 94 70 71 75 63 41
1997 71 82 65 26 96 98 94 69 76 80 66 41
1998 72 83 67 26 96 98 94 69 77 82 67 42
1999 73 83 67 27 96 98 94 69 76 82 67 42
2000 73 83 68 27 96 99 94 68 76 82 67 43
2001 73 83 68 28 96 99 94 68 75 81 67 42
2002 75 85 70 28 96 99 94 68 77 83 69 44
2003 77 86 72 29 96 99 95 68 80 85 71 45
2004 78 87 74 31 96 99 95 69 81 86 73 46

Notes: Trends in non-marital births may be affected by changes in the reporting of marital status on birth certificates and in procedures for inferring non-marital births when marital status is not reported. In particular, the increases from 1993 to 1994 to a great extent reflect improvements in the completeness of reporting of nonmarital births in two states, Michigan and Texas.

1 From 1940 to 1965, the percentage of births to unmarried Black women (shown in italics) includes all unmarried Non-white.

2 Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Data for Hispanics have been available only since 1980, with 22 states reporting in 1980, representing 90 percent of the Hispanic population. Hispanic birth data were reported by 23 states and the District of Columbia in 1985; 48 states and the District of Columbia in 1990; 49 states and the District of Columbia in 1991 and 1992; and all 50 states and the District of Columbia since 1993.

3 Teens under 15 included in Total Teen but not shown separately.

Source: National Center for Health Statistics, “Births of Hispanic Parentage, 1980,” Monthly Vital Statistics Report, Vol. 32, No.
6 Supplement; “Births of Hispanic Parentage, 1985,” Monthly Vital Statistics Report, Vol. 36, No. 11 Supplement; “Nonmarital
Childbearing in the United States, 1940 - 1999,” National Vital Health Statistics Reports, Vol. 48 (16); “Births: Final Data for
2004,” National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 55 (1), and earlier reports. Additional calculations by ASPE staff.

Table C-2. Percentage of Births that are to Unmarried Women, by State Selected Years 1960-2004

  1960 1970 1980 1990 1992 1994 1996 2000 2004
United States 5 11 18 28 30 33 32 33 36
Alabama 11 14 22 30 33 34 34 34 36
Alaska 5 9 16 26 27 29 31 33 35
Arizona NA 9 19 33 36 38 39 39 42
Arkansas NA 13 20 29 31 33 34 36 39
California NA NA 21 32 34 36 31 33 34
Colorado NA 9 13 21 24 25 25 25 28
Connecticut NA NA 18 27 29 30 31 29 31
Delaware 9 15 24 29 33 35 35 38 42
Dist of Columbia 20 38 56 65 67 69 66 60 56
Florida 9 14 23 32 34 36 36 38 41
Georgia NA NA 23 33 35 36 35 37 39
Hawaii 5 10 18 25 26 28 30 32 33
Idaho NA NA 8 17 18 19 21 22 23
Illinois 6 13 23 32 33 34 34 35 36
Indiana 4 8 16 26 29 32 32 35 39
Iowa 2 7 10 21 24 25 26 28 31
Kansas 3 7 12 22 24 26 27 29 33
Kentucky 5 8 15 24 26 28 30 31 35
Louisiana 9 15 23 37 40 43 43 46 49
Maine 3 7 14 23 25 28 29 31 34
Maryland NA NA 25 30 30 34 34 35 36
Massachusetts NA NA 16 25 26 27 25 27 29
Michigan 4 11 16 26 27 35 34 33 36
Minnesota 3 8 11 21 23 24 25 26 29
Mississippi 14 17 28 40 43 45 45 46 48
Missouri 6 11 18 29 32 33 33 35 37
Montana NA NA 13 24 26 26 28 31 34
Nebraska NA 8 12 21 23 25 25 27 30
Nevada 4 11 13 25 33 35 43 36 40
New Hampshire NA 6 11 17 19 22 23 25 26
New Jersey 4 10 21 24 26 28 28 29 30
New Mexico NA NA 16 35 39 42 42 46 49
New York NA NA 24 33 35 38 40 37 38
North Carolina 9 12 19 29 31 32 32 33 37
North Dakota 3 7 9 18 23 23 25 28 30
Ohio 4 NA 18 29 32 33 33 35 37
Oklahoma NA 8 14 25 28 30 31 34 38
Oregon 3 7 15 26 27 29 30 30 33
Pennsylvania 4 10 18 29 32 33 32 33 35
Rhode Island 3 7 16 26 30 32 33 35 37
South Carolina 12 15 23 33 35 37 37 40 42
South Dakota 3 7 13 23 27 28 30 33 35
Tennessee 9 12 20 30 33 33 33 35 38
Texas 5 9 13 18 17 29 30 31 36
Utah 2 4 6 14 15 16 16 17 18
Vermont NA NA 14 20 23 25 26 28 32
Virginia 8 11 19 26 28 29 29 30 31
Washington 3 9 14 24 25 26 27 28 30
West Virginia 6 6 13 25 28 30 31 32 35
Wisconsin 3 8 14 24 26 27 27 29 31
Wyoming 2 7 8 20 24 27 27 29 32

Source: National Center for Health Statistics, “Births: Final Data for 2003,” National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 54 (2), September 2005 and earlier reports.

Table C-3. Percentage of Births that are to Unmarried Women, by Race/Ethnicity and State 1994 and 2004

State     Non-Hispanic Hispanic
All races White Black
1994 2004 1994 2004 1994 2004 1994 2004
United States 33 36 21 25 71 69 43 46
Alabama 35 36 16 21 71 71 19 25
Alaska 29 35 21 22 41 39 29 35
Arizona 38 42 25 25 65 61 51 54
Arkansas 33 39 20 28 74 77 31 42
California 36 34 23 21 63 63 46 45
Colorado 25 28 18 19 57 53 44 42
Connecticut 31 31 18 17 70 67 65 62
Delaware 35 42 22 28 74 71 50 58
Dist. of Columbia 69 56 10 6 81 78 59 63
Florida 36 41 24 30 69 67 34 43
Georgia 36 39 18 23 68 67 23 45
Hawaii 28 33 15 24 19 28 44 45
Idaho 19 23 17 19 42 38 25 37
Illinois 34 36 18 22 79 78 38 45
Indiana 32 39 26 33 78 78 42 53
Iowa 25 31 23 28 75 73 37 44
Kansas 26 33 21 28 67 71 39 45
Kentucky 28 35 23 31 73 76 25 49
Louisiana 43 49 21 30 73 77 30 41
Maine 28 34 28 34 45 36 23 32
Maryland 34 36 18 21 64 60 39 49
Massachusetts 27 29 19 20 63 57 62 63
Michigan 35 36 23 27 79 74 42 46
Minnesota 24 29 20 22 75 58 46 52
Mississippi 45 48 18 26 75 77 21 47
Missouri 33 37 24 29 79 77 34 48
Montana 26 34 20 28 29 51 30 41
Nebraska 25 30 20 24 74 70 39 44
Nevada 35 40 27 29 70 69 44 48
New Hampshire 22 26 21 26 33 40 37 40
New Jersey 28 30 13 14 68 65 48 54
New Mexico 42 49 23 28 60 54 49 56
New York 38 38 19 21 70 67 61 62
North Carolina 32 37 17 22 68 68 29 50
North Dakota 23 30 19 23 24 26 26 35
Ohio 33 37 25 30 78 76 50 52
Oklahoma 30 38 23 31 70 72 31 46
Oregon 29 33 27 29 72 65 35 45
Pennsylvania 33 35 23 26 80 75 63 61
Rhode Island 32 37 24 27 70 64 58 61
South Carolina 37 42 19 25 67 73 28 44
South Dakota 28 35 20 25 21 42 33 47
Tennessee 33 38 21 28 75 74 26 49
Texas 29 36 18 24 63 64 31 41
Utah 16 18 13 13 52 46 37 41
Vermont 25 32 25 33 32 49 34 35
Virginia 29 31 18 20 64 62 38 44
Washington 26 30 23 26 56 55 35 44
West Virginia 30 35 29 34 76 77 22 34
Wisconsin 27 31 20 24 82 82 46 48
Wyoming 28 32 25 28 42 46 45 49

Women of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

Source: National Center for Health Statistics, “Births: Final Data for 2004,” National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 55 (1), September 2006 and earlier reports.

Table C-4. Birth Rates of Teens 15-19 Years, by State: Selected Years 1960-2004

[Births per 1,000 women in specified group]

State 1960 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2004
United States 89 68 56 53 51 60 56 48 41
Alabama 104 90 78 68 64 71 69 61 52
   Alaska 128 103 60 64 56 65 55 49 39
   Arizona 112 79 67 65 67 76 74 68 60
   Arkansas 116 93 84 75 73 80 72 66 60
   California 103 69 52 53 53 71 67 47 40
   Colorado 97 67 51 50 48 55 52 51 44
Connecticut 54 44 32 31 31 39 39 31 24
   Delaware 100 73 49 51 51 55 55 48 44
   Dist. of Columbia 132 116 73 62 72 93 85 53 67
   Florida 117 86 64 59 58 69 60 51 42
   Georgia 117 101 78 72 68 76 70 63 53
Hawaii 77 66 52 51 48 61 49 46 36
   Idaho 102 66 59 59 47 51 49 43 39
   Illinois 63 63 56 56 51 63 58 48 40
   Indiana 100 75 64 57 52 59 57 49 44
   Iowa 73 53 46 43 35 41 38 34 32
Kansas 94 65 57 57 52 56 52 46 41
   Kentucky 108 86 78 72 63 68 62 55 49
   Louisiana 113 84 79 76 72 74 70 62 56
   Maine 93 65 55 47 42 43 34 29 24
   Maryland 100 69 46 43 46 53 47 41 32
Massachusetts 51 40 31 28 29 35 33 26 22
   Michigan 80 69 52 45 43 59 49 40 34
   Minnesota 64 44 36 35 31 36 33 30 27
   Mississippi 121 103 92 84 76 81 79 70 62
   Missouri 99 72 59 58 54 63 55 49 43
   Montana 97 62 54 48 44 48 42 37 36
   Nebraska 82 54 45 45 40 42 38 38 36
   Nevada 118 94 60 59 55 73 73 63 51
   New Hampshire 76 55 41 34 32 33 30 23 18
   New Jersey 58 50 37 35 34 41 38 32 24
   New Mexico 127 79 67 72 73 78 74 66 61
   New York 57 51 38 35 36 44 42 33 27
   North Carolina 104 88 72 58 57 68 63 59 49
   North Dakota 68 44 43 42 36 35 33 27 27
   Ohio 84 65 56 52 50 58 53 46 39
Oklahoma 112 83 76 75 69 67 64 60 56
   Oregon 88 58 48 51 43 55 50 43 33
   Pennsylvania 67 53 44 41 40 45 41 34 31
   Rhode Island 56 43 35 33 36 44 40 34 33
   South Carolina 109 89 73 65 63 71 63 58 52
   South Dakota 83 49 51 53 46 47 41 38 39
   Tennessee 103 88 74 64 61 72 67 60 52
   Texas 115 85 74 74 72 75 76 69 63
   Utah 86 56 54 65 50 49 41 38 34
   Vermont 74 54 43 39 36 34 28 23 21
Virginia 103 76 53 48 46 53 48 41 35
   Washington 88 60 46 47 45 53 48 39 31
   West Virginia 87 72 73 68 54 57 53 47 44
   Wisconsin 64 46 41 40 39 43 38 35 30
   Wyoming 112 71 68 79 59 56 48 42 43

Source: National Center for Health Statistics, “Births: Final Data for 2004,” National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 55 (1), September 2006 and earlier reports available online at (http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/pubs/pubd/nvsr/nvsr.htm).

Table C-5. Birth Rates of Teens 15-19 Years, by Race/Ethnicity and State: Selected Years 1990-2002

[Births per 1,000 women in specified group]

State All races Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Black Hispanic
1990 1996 2002 1990 1996 2002 1990 1996 2002 1990 1996 2002
United States 60 54 43 43 38 29 116 92 68 100 95 83
Alabama 71 67 55 55 53 45 106 95 70 34 76 145
Alaska 65 51 40 53 38 27 § 61 40 § 86 99
   Arizona 76 72 61 51 45 32 124 81 58 123 120 109
   Arkansas 80 74 60 66 63 51 132 107 82 § 106 116
   California 71 61 41 43 32 19 109 81 44 112 99 71
   Colorado 55 51 47 39 34 26 112 82 57 111 106 119
Connecticut 39 37 26 20 19 12 108 80 51 122 101 84
   Delaware 55 54 46 35 33 27 121 109 84 § 106 143
   Dist. of Columbia 93 79 69 11 7 6 123 115 106 89 78 110
   Florida 69 57 45 51 43 32 138 96 69 60 60 56
   Georgia 76 67 56 56 51 39 117 93 71 73 104 153
Hawaii 61 49 38 38 25 12 § 45 33 133 99 85
   Idaho 51 47 39 46 41 33 § § § 119 103 88
   Illinois 63 55 42 37 31 22 146 115 83 95 98 85
   Indiana 59 55 45 52 49 38 124 107 83 65 81 98
   Iowa 41 37 33 38 34 28 119 101 84 80 101 111
Kansas 56 49 43 49 41 34 135 106 76 86 101 100
   Kentucky 68 61 51 64 58 49 116 98 70 § 70 92
   Louisiana 74 67 58 53 48 42 113 97 83 21 44 35
   Maine 43 32 25 43 32 25 § § § § § §
   Maryland 53 46 35 36 30 21 97 78 59 46 54 74
Massachusetts 35 31 23 24 21 14 94 68 47 121 101 81
   Michigan 59 46 35 41 35 26 132 95 68 94 84 72
   Minnesota 36 32 28 30 25 18 156 112 82 79 107 118
   Mississippi 81 74 65 56 51 49 113 101 82 § 28 80
Missouri 63 53 44 50 45 37 145 107 81 46 70 100
   Montana 48 39 36 39 32 29 § § § § 85 §
   Nebraska 42 39 37 35 31 26 137 102 95 82 110 135
   Nevada 73 70 54 61 52 32 133 107 81 108 115 98
   New Hampshire 33 28 20 na 27 19 na § § na 66 §
   New Jersey 41 35 27 19 15 10 105 82 56 80 71 67
   New Mexico 78 71 62 51 45 32 100 65 44 97 90 84
   New York 44 40 30 25 23 17 86 69 48 82 73 58
   North Carolina 68 62 52 51 47 37 107 90 68 106 127 164
   North Dakota 35 32 27 29 26 20 § § § § § §
   Ohio 58 50 40 47 42 32 130 101 80 74 79 79
Oklahoma 67 63 58 na 56 50 na 91 72 na 88 110
   Oregon 55 51 37 51 44 29 112 89 48 114 116 98
   Pennsylvania 45 38 32 32 27 22 128 98 78 126 109 95
   Rhode Island 44 39 36 32 26 21 137 87 66 130 104 107
   South Carolina 71 60 53 54 46 41 101 83 67 67 64 133
   South Dakota 47 40 38 35 30 26 § § § § § §
   Tennessee 72 65 54 61 55 45 122 100 79 41 81 153
   Texas 75 73 64 49 46 36 117 93 72 104 105 100
   Utah 49 41 37 44 36 29 § 67 32 115 107 109
   Vermont 34 30 24 35 30 24 § § § § § §
Virginia 53 45 38 40 35 27 100 77 63 56 62 76
   Washington 53 46 33 47 38 25 98 72 42 113 105 90
   West Virginia 57 51 46 57 50 46 74 77 49 § § §
   Wisconsin 43 37 32 30 25 21 177 132 104 90 97 107
   Wyoming 56 45 40 51 40 35 § § § 94 77 68

Women of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

§ Rates not deemed to be reliable due to small number of births or number of women in the group.

Source: National Center for Health Statistics, “Trends in Characteristics of Births by State: United States, 1990, 1995, 2000-2002,”  National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 52 (19), May 2004.

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