Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2006. Indicator 5. Multiple Program Receipt

08/30/2006

Figure IND 5. Percentage of Population Receiving Assistance from Multiple Programs (TANF, Food Stamps, SSI), amongThose Receiving Assistance: 2003

Figure IND 5. Percentage of Population Receiving Assistance from Multiple Programs (TANF, Food Stamps, SSI), amongThose Receiving Assistance: 2003

Source: Unpublished tabulations from the Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 2004, analyzed using the TRIM3 microsimulation model.

  • Of the almost 10 percent of the population in families receiving TANF, food stamps, or SSI benefits in an average month in 2003, about three-quarters (74 percent) received assistance from only one program. Most of these families received food stamps or SSI benefits only. However, other common patterns include food stamp and TANF receipt (17 percent) and food stamp and SSI receipt (10 percent).
  • Children are more likely than other age groups to live in families receiving TANF and/or food stamps. For example, 20 percent of children under six lived in families receiving any public assistance in an average month in 2003, and 6 percent of children under six lived in families receiving both TANF and food stamps, as shown in Table IND 5a.
  • Almost one in three persons in a female-headed family received TANF, food stamps, or SSI benefits in an average month in 2003. Most of these families received food stamps only (18 percent) or TANF and food stamps (8 percent).
  • The percentage of individuals receiving assistance from at least one program among AFDC/TANF, food stamps, and SSI in an average month decreased during the mid- and late 1990s (from 13 percent in 1994 to 8 percent in 2000). It increased to 9.7 percent in 2003, largely due to an increase in families receiving food stamps only, as shown in Table IND 5b.

Table IND 5a. Percentage of Population Receiving Assistance from Multiple Programs (TANF, Food Stamps, SSI), by Race/Ethnicity and Age: 2003

  Any Receipt One Program Only Two Programs
TANF FS SSI TANF & FS FS & SSI
All Persons 9.7 0.2 5.5 1.3 1.6 1.0
Racial/Ethnic Categories
Non-Hispanic White 6.2 0.1 3.7 1.0 0.7 0.8
Non-Hispanic Black 24.5 0.5 13.8 2.3 5.4 2.6
Hispanic 14.0 0.7 7.4 1.8 3.0 1.1
Age Categories
Children Ages 0-5 19.7 0.9 11.6 0.8 5.8 0.6
Children Ages 6-10 16.3 0.8 10.0 0.5 4.5 0.6
Children Ages 11-15 15.1 0.6 9.4 0.9 3.5 0.7
Women Ages 16-64 9.0 0.1 5.4 1.0 1.4 1.1
Men Ages 16-64 5.9 0.1 3.4 1.2 0.4 0.8
Adults Ages 65 and over 7.9 0.0 2.2 3.6 0.0 2.1
Family Categories
Persons in Married-Couple Families 4.6 0.2 2.8 0.7 0.5 0.4
Persons in Female-Headed Families 30.9 0.5 17.7 2.7 8.0 2.1
Persons in Male-Headed Families 13.9 0.5 7.7 2.4 2.2 1.1
Unrelated Individuals 9.2 0.0 4.4 2.2 0.0 2.6

Note: Categories are mutually exclusive. SSI receipt is based on individual receipt; AFDC/TANF and food stamp receipt are based on the full recipient unit. In practice, individuals do not tend to receive both AFDC/TANF and SSI; hence, no individual receives benefits from all three programs. The percentage of individuals receiving assistance from any one program in an average month (shown here) is lower than the percentage residing in families receiving assistance at some point over the course of a year (shown in Table SUM 1 in Chapter I and Table IND 1a in Chapter II). Spouses are not present in the Female-Headed and Male-Headed family categories.

Persons of Hispanic ethnicity may be of any race. Beginning in 2002, estimates for Whites and Blacks are for persons reporting a single race only. Persons who reported more than one race are included in the total for all persons but are not shown under any race category. Due to small sample size, American Indians/Alaska Natives, Asians and Native Hawaiians/Other Pacific Islanders are included in the total for all persons but are not shown separately.

Source: Unpublished tabulations from the Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 1994-2004, analyzed using the TRIM3 microsimulation model.


Table IND 5b. Percentage of Population Receiving Assistance from Multiple Programs (AFDC/TANF, Food Stamps, SSI): 1993-2003

  Any Receipt One Program Only Two Programs
AFDC/ TANF FS SSI AFDC/ TANF & FS FS & SSI
1993 12.6 0.6 5.2 1.1 4.8 1.0
1994 12.8 0.5 5.3 1.2 4.6 1.1
1995 12.3 0.4 5.0 1.2 4.5 1.1
1996 12.0 0.3 5.3 1.2 4.0 1.1
1997 10.2 0.4 4.3 1.3 3.1 1.0
1998 9.0 0.4 3.9 1.4 2.4 0.9
1999 8.5 0.4 3.8 1.3 2.0 1.0
2000 8.1 0.2 3.8 1.4 1.7 1.0
2001 8.1 0.3 3.9 1.4 1.5 1.0
2002 8.5 0.3 4.5 1.3 1.4 1.0
2003 9.7 0.2 5.5 1.3 1.6 1.0
 

See above for note and source.

 

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