Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2005 . Economic Security Risk Factor 6. Child SUPPORT

08/30/2005

Figure ECON 6. Child Support Collections Received by Families, by Receipt of IV-D Services and Other Assistance (Billions of 2001 Dollars): 1993-2001

Figure ECON 6. Child Support Collections Received by Families, by Receipt of IV-D Services and Other Assistance (Billions of 2001 Dollars): 1993-2001

Source: Unpublished tabulations from the Current Population Survey, Child Support Supplement, 1994-2002.

  • In 2001 families reported receiving $22.9 billion in child support payments from the non-resident parent. This amount represents current year support received for a twelve-month period and does not include amounts paid for prior periods (arrearages) or amounts retained by the federal and state government to recoup welfare costs. Total child support collections have increased by 26 percent since 1993, after adjusting for inflation.
  • The amount of payments received by families who also received AFDC/TANF cash assistance at some point in the year has declined, from $2.2 billion in 1993 (in inflation-adjusted dollars) to $1.0 billion in 2001. This partly reflects the decline in the AFDC/TANF caseloads. In addition, some states no longer “pass-through” any payments to families receiving TANF. Prior to the enactment of PRWORA in 1996, states were required to pass-through the first $50 of any child support collected.
  • Child support payments to families who did not receive TANF, but received another form of public assistance (SSI, food stamps, Medicaid or housing assistance) increased significantly between 1993 and 2001, from $2.3 to $4.0 billion (in 2001 dollars). This group of families includes former TANF recipients, as well as families at risk of turning to cash assistance. The increased collections for this group more than offset the decline in payments to TANF families.
  • The total amount reported received by families through the child support enforcement system (title IV-D of the Social Security Act) was $12.8 billion, or 56 percent of all child support payments received by families, as shown in Table ECON 6.
Table ECON 6. Child Support Collections Received by Families, by Receipt of IV-D Services and
Other Assistance: 1993-2001
 
Collections
(billions)
Total
(percent)
2001 Receiving Title IV-D Child Support Services and: Current $ Constant 01$  
TANF 1.0 1.0 4
Food Stamps, SSI, Medicaid or Housing 4.0 4.0 18
Child Support Services Only 7.8 7.8 34
Subtotal Families Receiving IV-D Services 12.8 12.8 56
Not Receiving IV-D Child Support Services 10.1 10.1 44
       
1999 Families Receiving Title IV-D Child Support Services and:      
TANF 1.3 1.4 6
Food Stamps, SSI, Medicaid or Housing 3.1 3.3 16
Child Support Services Only 6.2 6.6 31
Subtotal IV-D Families 10.6 11.3 53
Families Not Receiving IV-D Child Support Services 9.4 10.0 47
Total Families 20.1 21.3 100
1997 Families Receiving Title IV-D Child Support Services and:      
AFDC/TANF 1.5 1.7 7
Food Stamps, SSI, Medicaid or Housing 3.3 3.7 16
Child Support Services Only 5.6 6.2 27
Subtotal IV-D Families 10.5 11.6 51
Families Not Receiving IV-D Child Support Services 10.1 11.1 49
Total Families 20.6 22.7 100
1995 Families Receiving Title IV-D Child Support Services and:      
AFDC 1.5 1.8 8
Food Stamps, SSI, Medicaid or Housing 2.3 2.7 12
Child Support Services Only 7.1 8.2 37
Subtotal IV-D Families 10.9 12.7 55
Families Not Receiving IV-D Child Support Services 8.9 10.4 45
Total Families 19.9 23.1 100
1993 Families Receiving Title IV-D Child Support Services and:      
AFDC 1.8 2.2 12
Food Stamps, SSI, Medicaid or Housing 1.9 2.3 13
Child Support Services Only 4.8 5.9 33
Subtotal IV-D Families 8.6 10.5 52
Families Not Receiving IV-D Child Support Services 7.9 9.7 48
Total Families 16.5 20.2 100

Note: AFDC/TANF families are families who have reported receiving cash assistance for any month during the 12-month period. Therefore, not all the child support reported received was necessarily received while the family received cash assistance. Data limitations do not allow a month-by-month breakdown.

Families receiving SSI, food stamps, Medicaid or housing assistance are limited to families not receiving AFDC/TANF.

Families receiving services through the IV-D system are estimated according to the methodology described in technical appendices to the ASPE-published report Characteristics of Families Using Title IV-D Services in 1999 and 2001 (available online at: http://aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/CSE-Char04/index.htm) and previous reports.
 
Source: Unpublished tabulations from the Current Population Survey, Child Support Supplement, 1994-2002.

 

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