Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2004. Indicator 5. Multiple Program Receipt

04/27/2005

Figure IND 5. Percentage of Population Receiving Assistance from Multiple Programs (TANF, Food Stamps, SSI), Among Those Receiving Assistance: 2001

Figure IND 5. Percentage of Population Receiving Assistance from Multiple Programs (TANF, Food Stamps, SSI), Among Those Receiving Assistance: 2001

Source: March CPS data, analyzed using the TRIM3 microsimulation model.


  • Of the 8 percent of the population in families receiving TANF, food stamps, or SSI benefits in an average month in 2001, about two-thirds (68 percent) received assistance from only one program. Most of these families received food stamps or SSI benefits only. However, other common patterns include food stamp and TANF receipt (19 percent) and food stamp and SSI receipt (12 percent).
  • Children are more likely than other age groups to live in families receiving TANF and/or food stamps. For example, 16 percent of children under six lived in families receiving any public assistance in an average month in 2001, and 5 percent of children under six, lived in families receiving both TANF and food stamps, as shown in Table IND 5a.
  • The percentage of individuals receiving assistance from at least one program among AFDC/TANF, food stamps, and SSI in an average month decreased during the mid-to-late 1990s (from 13 percent in 1994 to 8 percent in 2001), as shown in Table IND 5b.

Table IND 5a. Percentage of Population Receiving Assistance from Multiple Programs (TANF, Food Stamps, SSI), by Race/Ethnicity and Age: 2001

  Any Receipt One Program Only Two Programs
TANF FS SSI TANF & FS FS & SSI
All Persons 8.1 0.3 3.9 1.4 1.5 1.0
Racial/Ethnic Categories
Non-Hispanic White 5.2 0.1 2.4 1.0 1.0 0.7
Non-Hispanic Black 19.4 0.3 10.7 2.5 3.6 2.3
Hispanic 12.4 0.9 5.7 2.2 2.6 1.0
Age Categories
Children Ages 0-5 15.7 0.8 8.7 0.7 5.1 0.5
Children Ages 6-10 13.8 0.6 8.0 0.7 3.8 0.6
Children Ages 11-15 11.3 0.6 6.3 0.8 3.0 0.7
Women Ages 16-64 7.5 0.2 3.6 1.1 1.5 1.1
Men Ages 16-64 5.0 0.1 2.4 1.4 0.5 0.7
Adults Age 65 and over 7.7 0.0 1.8 3.7 0.0 2.1

Note: Categories are mutually exclusive. SSI receipt based on individual receipt; AFDC/TANF and food stamp receipt based on full recipient unit. In practice, individuals do not tend to receive both AFDC/TANF and SSI; hence, no individual receives benefits from all three programs. The percentage of individuals receiving assistance from any one program in an average month (shown here) is lower than the percentage residing in families receiving assistance over the course of a year (shown in Table SUM 1 in Chapter I and Table IND 1a in Chapter II).

Persons of Hispanic ethnicity may be of any race. Due to small sample size, American Indians/Alaska Natives, Asians and Native Hawaiians/Other Pacific Islanders are included in the total for all persons but are not shown separately.

Source: March CPS data, analyzed using the TRIM3 microsimulation model.


Table IND 5b. Percentage of Population Receiving Assistance from Multiple Programs (AFDC/TANF, Food Stamps, SSI): 1993-2001

  Any Receipt One Program Only Two Programs
AFDC/ TANF FS SSI
AFDC/TANF
& FS
FS & SSI
1993 12.6 0.6 5.2 1.1 4.8 1.0
1994 12.8 0.5 5.3 1.2 4.6 1.1
1995 12.3 0.4 5.0 1.2 4.5 1.1
1996 12.0 0.3 5.3 1.2 4.0 1.1
1997 10.2 0.4 4.3 1.3 3.1 1.0
1998 9.0 0.4 3.9 1.4 2.4 0.9
1999 8.5 0.4 3.8 1.3 2.0 1.0
2000 8.1 0.2 3.8 1.4 1.7 1.0
2001 8.1 0.3 3.9 1.4 1.5 1.0

See above for note and source.

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