Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2004. Employment and Work-related Risk Factor 7. Adult and Child Disability

04/27/2005

Figure WORK 7. Percentage of the Non-Elderly Population Reporting a Disability, by Age and Race/Ethnicity: 2002

Figure WORK 7. Percentage of the Non-Elderly Population Reporting a Disability, by Age and Race/Ethnicity: 2002

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, National Health Interview Survey.


  • In 2002, non-elderly adults were more likely than children to have an activity limitation, 11.4 percent compared to 7.5 percent.
  • While non-elderly adults were more likely than children to report an activity limitation, a higher percentage of children than adults were actually recipients of disability program benefits in 2002 (6.2 percent compared to 4.6 percent), as shown in Table WORK 7.
  • Among both non-elderly adults and children, rates of activity limitation were somewhat similar for non-Hispanic whites and non-Hispanic blacks in 2002, but lower for Hispanics, as shown in Table WORK 7.

Table WORK 7. Percentage of the Non-Elderly Population Reporting a Disability, by Race/Ethnicity and Age: 2002

  Activity Limitation Work Disability Long-Term Care Needs Disability Program Recipient
All Persons
Adults Ages 18-64 11.4 8.5 2.1 4.6
Children Ages 0-17 7.5 NA NA 6.2
Racial/Ethnic Categories (Adults Ages 18-64)
Non-Hispanic White 11.9 8.9 2.1 4.4
Non-Hispanic Black 13.7 10.2 2.9 7.7
Hispanic 7.9 5.8 1.6 3.8
Racial/Ethnic Categories (Children Ages 0-17)
Non-Hispanic White 7.7 NA NA 6.4
Non-Hispanic Black 9.4 NA NA 7.9
Hispanic 5.9 NA NA 5.0

Note: Respondents were defined as having an activity limitation if they answered positively to any of the questions regarding: (1) work disability (see definition below); (2) long-term care needs (see definition below); (3) difficulty walking; (4) difficulty remembering; (5) for children under 5, limitations in the amount of play activities they can participate in because of physical, mental, or emotional problems; (6) for children 3 and over, receipt of Special Educational or Early Intervention Services; and, (7) any other limitations due to physical, mental, or emotional problems. Work disability is defined as limitations in or the inability to work as a result of a physical, mental or emotional health condition. Individuals are identified as having long-term care needs if they need the help of others in handling either personal care needs (eating, bathing, dressing, getting around the home) or routine needs (household chores, shopping, getting around for business or other purposes). Disability program recipients include persons covered by Supplemental Security Income (SSI), Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI), Special Education Services, Early Intervention Services, and/or disability pensions.

Persons of Hispanic ethnicity may be of any race. Due to small sample size, American Indians/Alaska Natives, Asians and Native Hawaiians/Other Pacific Islanders are included in the total for all persons but are not shown separately.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, National Health Interview Survey.

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