Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2004. Employment and Work-related Risk Factor 1. Labor Force Attachment

04/27/2005

Figure WORK 1. Percentage of Individuals in Families with Labor Force Participants, by Race/Ethnicity: 2002
Figure WORK 1. Percentage of Individuals in Families with Labor Force Participants, by Race/Ethnicity: 2002
Source: Unpublished tabulations of March CPS data.

  • In 2002, 71 percent of the total population lived in families with at least one person working on a full-time, full-year basis, as shown in Table WORK 1a. The percent of full-time full-year workers was slightly lower than in 2001, although still higher than during most of the 1990s, as shown in Table WORK 1b.
  • Overall, 14 percent of the population lived in families with no labor force participants and 15 percent lived in families with part-time and/or part-year labor force participants in 2002.
  • Persons of Hispanic origin were less likely than non-Hispanic whites or non-Hispanic blacks to live in families with no one in the labor force in 2002 (10 percent compared to 15 and 17 percent, respectively).
  • Working-age women in 2002 were more likely than working-age men to live in families with no one in the labor force (9 percent compared to 7 percent), as shown in Table Work 1a. Men were more likely than women to live in families with at least one full-time, full-year worker (80 percent compared to 76 percent).

Table WORK 1a. Percentage of Individuals in Families with Labor Force Participants, by Race/Ethnicity and Age: 2002

 
No One in LF
During Year
At Least One in LF
No One FT/FY
At Least One
FT/FY Worker
All Persons 14.2 14.7 71.1
Racial/Ethnic Categories
Non-Hispanic White 15.0 13.9 71.1
Non-Hispanic Black 17.3 18.0 64.7
Hispanic 9.7 15.4 74.9
Age Categories
Children Ages 0-5 5.5 16.2 78.3
Children Ages 6-10 5.9 14.8 79.3
Children Ages 11-15 5.9 13.6 80.5
Women Ages 16-64 8.8 15.5 75.7
Men Ages 16-64 6.8 13.7 79.5
Adults Age 65 and over 65.5 14.3 20.2

Note: Full-time, full-year workers are defined as those who usually worked for 35 or more hours per week, for at least 50 weeks in a given year. Part-time and part-year labor force participation includes part-time workers and individuals who are unemployed, laid off, and/or looking for work for part or all of the year. This indicator represents annual measures of labor force participation, and thus cannot be compared to monthly measures of labor force participation in Indicator 2.

Persons of Hispanic ethnicity may be of any race. Beginning in 2002, estimates for Whites and Blacks are for persons reporting a single-race only. Persons who reported more than one race, such as “White and Asian,” are included in the total for all persons but are not shown under any race category. Due to small sample size, American Indians/Alaska Natives, Asians and Native Hawaiians/Other Pacific Islanders also are included in the total for all persons but are not shown separately.

Source: Unpublished tabulations of March CPS data.


Table WORK 1b. Percentage of Individuals in Families with Labor Force Participants: 1990-2002

 
No One in LF
During Year
At Least One in LF
No One FT/FY
At Least One
FT/FY Worker
1990 13.7 18.1 68.3
1991 14.3 18.7 67.0
1992 14.3 18.6 67.1
1993 14.2 18.6 67.3
1994 14.0 17.7 68.3
1995 13.8 17.0 69.2
1996 13.6 16.7 69.7
1997 13.5 16.3 70.2
1998 13.3 15.3 71.4
1999 13.1 14.6 72.3
2000 13.1 13.9 73.0
2001 13.9 14.3 71.7
2002 14.2 14.7 71.1

See above for note and source.

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