Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2004. Economic Security Risk Factor 6. Child SUPPORT

04/27/2005

Figure ECON 6. Total, Non-AFDC/TANF, and AFDC/TANF Title IV-D Child Support Collections: 1978-2002
Figure ECON 6. Total, Non-AFDC/TANF, and AFDC/TANF Title IV-D Child Support Collections: 1978-2002
Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Office of Child Support Enforcement, Child Support Collections: 2003 TANF Report to Congress (and earlier years), Washington, DC.

  • Collections paid through the Child Support Enforcement system (Title IV-D of the Social Security Act) totaled $20.1 billion in 2002, over $1 billion more than in 2001. Since 1990, child support collections grew rapidly, at an average rate of almost $1.1 billion a year.
  • In recent years, non-TANF collections have generally increased as a percentage of overall collections by the IV-D program. (Non-TANF collections include collections paid to former TANF families and families with no contact with the welfare system.) However, between 2001 and 2002, the $878 million growth in non-TANF collections was smaller in percentage terms than $302 million growth in TANF collections (5 percent compared to over 11 percent).
  • A number of states have opted to pass through some or all of collections to the custodial TANF family, even though the 1996 welfare reform repealed the former requirement for a $50 “pass-through” to families. In recent years, the amount of TANF collections paid to TANF families has been difficult to track because of changes in data reporting forms. Available data suggest these payments declined in fiscal years 1997-2000, with a 100 percent increase shown in fiscal year 2001 and a 122 percent increase in 2002, as shown in Table ECON 6.
  • Almost 75 percent of TANF collections (collections on behalf of TANF recipients and for past due support assigned to the state by former TANF recipients) were retained in 2002 to reimburse the state and federal governments for the cost of welfare benefits.
Table ECON 6. Total, Non-AFDC/TANF, and AFDC/TANF Title IV-D Child Support Collections: 1978-2002
 

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Fiscal Year Total Collections (in millions) Total IV-D Administrative Expenditures
Total AFDC/TANF Collections Non-AFDC/TANF Collections
Current Dollars Constant '02 Dollars Total Payments to AFDC/TANF Families Federal & State Share of Collections
1978 $1,047 $2,829 $472 $13 $459 $575 $312
1979 1,333 3,307 597 12 584 736 383
1980 1,478 3,288 603 10 593 874 466
1981 1,629 3,300 671 12 659 958 526
1982 1,771 3,349 786 15 771 985 612
1983 2,024 3,676 880 15 865 1,144 691
1984 2,378 4,138 1,000 17 983 1,378 723
1985 2,694 4,520 1,090 189 901 1,604 814
1986 3,249 5,311 1,225 275 955 2,019 941
1987 3,917 6,235 1,349 278 1,070 2,569 1,066
1988 4,605 7,054 1,486 289 1,188 3,128 1,171
1989 5,241 7,647 1,593 307 1,286 3,648 1,363
1990 6,010 8,354 1,750 334 1,416 4,260 1,606
1991 6,886 9,111 1,984 381 1,603 4,902 1,804
1992 7,964 10,228 2,259 435 1,824 5,705 1,995
1993 8,907 11,104 2,416 446 1,971 6,491 2,241
1994 9,850 11,963 2,550 457 2,093 7,300 2,556
1995 10,827 12,794 2,689 474 2,215 8,138 3,012
1996 12,020 13,820 2,855 480 2,375 9,165 3,049
1997 13,364 14,961 2,843 157 2,685 10,521 3,428
1998 14,348 15,805 2,650 152 2,498 11,698 3,585
1999 15,901 17,189 2,482 113 2,368 13,421 4,039
2000 17,854 18,701 2,593 165 2,428 15,261 4,526
2001 18,958 19,237 2,592 332 2,259 16,366 4,835
2002 20,137 20,137 2,893 737 2,156 17,244 5,183

Note: Not all states report current child support collections in all years. Constant dollar adjustments to the 2000 level were made using a CPI-U-X1 fiscal year average price index. Due to changes in data reporting forms, data for fiscal years 1999 and thereafter relating to the Federal and State Share of TANF collections include assistance reimbursement for former TANF families and may not be exactly comparable to that of previous years. The total collection of payments to AFDC/TANF families can also include payments made to Medicaid only recipients.

Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Office of Child Support Enforcement, Child Support Collections: 2003 TANF Report to Congress (and earlier years), Washington, DC.

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