Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2003. Table TANF 7. Characteristics of AFDC/TANF Families, Selected Years 1969 – 2001

03/01/2003

  May
1969
May
1975
March
1979
Fiscal year1
  1983 1988 1992 1996 1998 2000 2001
Note: Figures are percentages of families/cases unless noted otherwise.
1 Percentages are based on the average monthly caseload during the year. Hawaii and the territories are not included in 1983.
Data after 1986 include the territories and Hawaii.
2 Calculated on the basis of total number of families.
3 For years prior to 1983, data are for mothers only.
4 Presence of income is measured as a percentage of adult recipients, not families, in 1998 and subsequent years.
Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Office of Family Assistance, Characteristics and Financial Circumstances of TANF Recipients: 2002 TANF Annual Report to Congress and earlier years.
Avg. Family Size (persons) 4.0 3.2 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.6 2.6
Number of Child Recipients
One 26.6 37.9 42.3 43.4 42.5 42.5 43.9 42.4 44.2 44.8
Two 23.0 26.0 28.1 29.8 30.2 30.2 29.9 29.6 28.4 28.5
Three 17.7 16.1 15.6 15.2 15.8 15.5 15.0 15.7 15.3 14.8
Four or More 32.5 20.0 13.9 10.1 9.9 10.1 9.2 10.6 10.1 9.9
Unknown NA NA NA 1.5 1.7 0.7 1.3 1.8 2.0 2.0
Child-Only Families 10.1 12.5 14.6 8.3 9.6 14.8 21.5 23.4 34.5 37.1
Families with Non-Recipients 33.1 34.8 NA 36.9 36.8 38.9 49.9
Median Months on AFDC/TANF
Since Most Recent Opening 23.0 31.0 29.0 26.0 26.3 22.5 23.6
Presence of Assistance
Living in Public Housing 12.8 14.6 NA 10.0 9.6 9.2 8.8 NA 17.7 20.0
Participating in Food Stamp
Or Donated Food Program 52.9 75.1 75.1 83.0 84.6 87.3 89.3 83.5 79.9 80.9
Presence of Income
With Earnings NA 14.6 12.8 5.7 8.4 7.4 11.1 20.6 4 23.6 4 24.3 4
No Non-AFDC/TANF Income 56.0 71.1 80.6 86.8 79.6 78.9 76.0 73.0 4 71.6 4 77.2 4
Adult Employment Status (percent of adults)
Employed  – 6.6 11.3 22.8 26.4 26.7
Unemployed 45.0 49.2 47.5
Not in Labor Force 28.3 24.3 25.8
Unknown 4.0
Adult Women's employment status (percent ofadult female recipients):3
Full-time job 8.2 10.4 8.7 1.5 2.2 2.2 4.7
Part-time job 6.3 5.7 5.4 3.4 4.2 4.2 5.4
Marital Status (percent of adults)
Single 52.5 65.3 66.9
Married 16.4 12.4 11.7
Separated 11.7 13.1 12.5
Widowed 0.7 0.7 0.8
Divorced 8.8 8.5 8.2
Unknown 9.9
Basis for Child's Eligibility (percent children):
Incapacitated 11.7 2 7.7 5.3 3.4 3.7 4.1 4.3
Unemployed 4.6 2 3.7 4.1 8.7 6.5 8.2 8.3
Death 5.5 2 3.7 2.2 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.6
Divorce or Separation 43.3 2 2 48.3 44.7 38.5 34.6 30.0 24.3
Absent, No Marriage Tie 27.9 31.0 37.8 44.3 51.9 53.1 58.6
Absent, Other Reason 3.5 2 4.0 5.9 1.4 1.6 2.0 2.4
Unknown 1.7 0.9 0.6

 

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