Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2003. Table FSP 2. Trends in Food Stamp Expenditures, Selected Years 1975 – 2001

03/01/2003

  Total Federal Cost (Benefits + Administration) Benefits 2
(Federal) [In millions]
Administration 1 Total Program
Cost [In millions]
Average Monthly Benefit per Person
Fiscal Year Current Dollars [In millions] 2001 Dollars 3 [In millions] Federal [In millions] State & Local [In millions] Current Dollars 2001 Dollars 3
1 Amounts include the Federal share of state administrative and employment and training costs (including administrative costs of Puerto Rico's block grant) and certain direct Federal administrative costs. They do not generally include approximately $60 million in food-stamp related federal administrative costs budgeted under a separate appropriation account (although estimates prior to 1989 do include estimates of food stamp related Federal administrative expenses paid out of other Agriculture Department accounts). State and local costs are estimated based on the known Federal shares and represent an estimate of all administrative expenses of participating states (including Puerto Rico).
2 Benefit costs include the Food Stamp Program and Puerto Rico's nutritional assistance program and are based on unpublished data from the USDA, Food and Nutrition Service, National Data Bank (see Table FSP 4).
3 Constant dollar adjustments to 2001 level were made using a CPI-U-X1 fiscal year average price index.
4 The fiscal year in which the food stamp purchase requirement was eliminated, on a phased in basis.
5 Beginning 1984 USDA took over from DHHS the administrative cost of certifying public assistance households for food stamps.
Note: Total federal cost includes food stamps in Puerto Rico (1975-1981) and funding for Puerto Rico's nutrition assistance grant (1982-present). Average benefit figures, however, do not reflect the lower benefits in Puerto Rico under either the food stamp program from 1975 to 1981 or its nutrition assistance program since July 1982.
Source: USDA, Food and Nutrition Service unpublished data from the National Data Bank; and the 2000 Green Book.
1975 $5,037 $16,383 $4,798 $238 $180 $5,217 $21.50 $73.20
1976 5,641 17,176 5,276 365 275 5,934 23.50 70.30
1977 5,463 15,484 5,061 402 300 5,775 24.00 68.00
1978 5,546 14,748 5,112 434 325 5,883 25.70 68.30
19794 6,965 17,032 6,450 515 388 7,388 29.90 73.10
1980 9,224 20,276 8,721 503 375 9,633 34.20 75.20
1981 11,308 22,603 10,630 678 504 11,906 39.40 78.80
1982 11,117 20,763 10,408 709 557 11,697 39.00 72.80
1983 12,708 22,700 11,930 778 612 13,343 43.00 76.80
1984 12,446 21,324 11,475 971 5 805 13,251 42.70 73.20
1985 12,573 20,794 11,530 1,043 871 13,444 45.00 74.40
1986 12,510 20,179 11,397 1,113 935 13,445 45.50 73.40
1987 12,512 19,626 11,317 1,195 996 13,508 45.80 72.00
1988 13,281 20,012 11,991 1,290 1,080 14,361 49.80 75.00
1989 13,904 19,993 12,572 1,332 1,101 15,005 51.80 74.50
1990 16,503 22,606 15,081 1,422 1,174 17,677 58.90 80.70
1991 19,790 25,806 18,274 1,516 1,247 21,037 63.90 83.30
1992 23,535 29,786 21,879 1,656 1,375 24,910 68.60 86.80
1993 24,733 30,386 23,017 1,716 1,572 26,305 68.00 83.50
1994 25,587 30,622 23,798 1,789 1,643 27,230 69.00 82.60
1995 25,776 30.020 23,859 1,917 1,748 27,524 71.30 83.00
1996 25,527 28,923 23,543 1,984 1,842 27,369 73.20 82.90
1997 22,750 25,099 20,692 2,058 1,904 24,654 71.30 78.70
1998 20,224 21,955 18,055 2,169 1,988 22,212 71.10 77.20
1999 19,045 20,288 16,945 2,100 1,874 22,919 72.20 76.90
2000 18,402 18,994 16,211 2,200 1,960 20,362 72.80 75.10
2001 19,193 19,193 16,793 2,400 2,140 21,333 74.80 74.80

 

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