Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2003. Table FSP 1. Trends in Food Stamp Caseloads, Selected Years 1962 – 2001

03/01/2003

  Food Stamp Participants 1 Participants as a Percent of: Child Participants As a Percent of:
Fiscal Year Including 2 Territories (in thousands) Excluding Territories (in thousands) Children Excld. Terr. (in thousands) Total Population 3 All Poor Persons 3 Pre-transfer Poverty Population 4 Total Child Population 3 Children in Poverty 3
1962 6,554 6,554 NA 3.5 17.0 NA NA NA
1965 5,167 5,167 NA 2.7 15.6 NA NA NA
1970 8,317 8,317 NA 4.1 32.7 NA NA NA
1971 13,010 13,010 NA 6.3 50.9 NA NA NA
1972 14,111 14,111 NA 6.7 57.7 NA NA NA
1973 14,607 14,607 NA 6.9 63.6 NA NA NA
1974 14,288 14,288 NA 6.7 61.1 NA NA NA
1975 5 17,152 16,320 NA 7.6 63.1 NA NA NA
1976 18,628 17,033 9,126 7.8 68.2 NA 13.8 88.8
1977 17,161 15,604 NA 7.1 63.1 NA NA NA
1978 16,077 14,405 NA 6.5 58.8 NA NA NA
1979 6 17,758 15,942 NA 7.1 61.1 57.1 NA NA
1980 21,173 19,253 9,876 8.5 65.8 60.7 15.5 85.6
1981 22,518 20,655 9,803 9.0 64.6 60.8 15.5 78.4
1982 22,224 20,392 9,591 8.8 59.3 56.3 15.3 70.3
1983 23,300 21,668 10,910 9.3 61.4 58.5 17.4 78.4
1984 22,379 20,796 10,492 8.8 61.7 58.5 16.8 78.2
1985 21,380 19,847 9,906 8.3 60.0 56.6 15.7 75.3
1986 20,904 19,381 9,844 8.1 59.9 56.2 15.7 76.5
1987 20,583 19,072 9,771 7.9 59.2 55.6 15.5 76.1
1988 20,095 18,613 9,351 7.6 58.6 55.2 14.8 75.1
1989 20,266 18,778 9,429 7.6 59.6 55.6 14.9 74.9
1990 21,529 20,020 10,127 8.0 59.6 55.7 15.8 75.4
1991 24,115 22,599 11,952 8.9 63.3 59.3 18.3 83.3
1992 26,886 25,370 13,349 9.9 66.7 64.0 20.1 87.3
1993 28,422 26,952 14,196 10.4 68.6 63.8 21.0 90.3
1994 28,878 27,433 14,391 10.4 72.1 66.8 21.0 94.1
1995 27,989 26,579 13,860 10.0 73.0 67.6 20.0 94.5
1996 26,875 25,494 13,189 9.5 69.8 64.6 18.8 91.2
1997 24,148 22,820 11,847 8.4 64.1 59.9 16.7 83.9
1998 20,969 19,745 10,524 7.2 57.3 53.8 14.7 78.1
1999 19,322 18,146 9,332 6.5 56.3 52.5 13.0 77.2
2000 18,240 17,120 8,743 6.1 55.0 51.7 12.1 75.5
2001 18,383 17,297 8,819 6.1 52.6 49.3 12.0 75.2
1 Total participants includes all participating States, the District of Columbia, and the territories (including Puerto Rico). The number of child participants includes only the participating States and D.C. (the territories are not included). From 1962 to 1983 the number of participants includes the Family Food Assistance Program (FFAP) that was largely replaced by the Food Stamp program in 1975. The FFAP participants (as of December) for the seven years shown during the period from 1962 to 1974 were respectively: 6,411; 4,742; 3,977; 3,642; 3,002; 2,441; and 1,406 (all in thousands). From 1975 to 1983 the number of FFAP participants averaged only 88 thousand.
2 Participation figures in column 1 from 1982 on include enrollment in Puerto Rico’s Nutrition Assistance Program (averaging 1.2 to 1.5 million persons a month under the nutrition assistance grant and higher figures in earlier years under Food Stamps) as shown in Table FSP 5.
3 Includes all participating States and the District of Columbia only--the territories are excluded from both numerator and denominator. Population numbers used as denominators are the resident population—see Current Population Reports, Series P25-1106. For the persons living in poverty used as denominators, see Current Population Reports, Series P60-210.
4 The pretransfer poverty population used as denominator is the number of all persons in families or living alone whose income (cash income plus social insurance plus Social Security but before taxes and means-tested transfers) falls below the appropriate poverty threshold. See Appendix J, Table 20, 1992 Green Book; data for subsequent years are unpublished Congressional Budget Office tabulations.
5 The first fiscal year in which food stamps were available nationwide.
6 The fiscal year in which the food stamp purchase requirement was eliminated, on a phased in basis.
Sources: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service, National Data Bank, the 1996 Green Book, and U.S. Bureau of the Census, “Poverty in the United States: 2001," Current Population Reports, Series P60-219 and earlier years.

 

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