Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2003. Indicator 9. Long-term Dependency

03/01/2003

Figure IND 9. Percentage of AFDC Recipients with More than 50 Percent of Income from AFDC and Food Stamps Between 1987 and 1996, by Years of Dependency

Figure IND 9

Source: Unpublished data from the PSID, 1988-1997.

  • Almost half (47 percent) of all persons who received AFDC at some point in the ten-year period ending in 1996 were not dependent on welfare in any of these years. Specifically, they did not receive more than 50 percent of their income from AFDC and/or food stamps in any of the ten years (SSI receipt is excluded from this measure of dependency). This was also true for recipients in the two earlier ten-year time periods, as shown in Table IND 9.
  • About 14 percent of recipients in the most recent ten-year period were dependent (received more than 50 percent of annual income from AFDC and food stamps) for more than five years between 1987 and 1996. The 14 percent of recipients who were dependent for six or more years represent 1.7 percent of the total population.
  • As shown in Table IND 9, young children (ages 0-5 in 1987) are more likely to experience long-term dependency than other individuals. About one-fourth (26 percent) of such children receiving AFDC at least once between 1987 and 1996 were dependent on AFDC and food stamp income for six or more years. Another 45 percent were dependent for one to five years, and only 28 percent were not dependent in any year.

Table IND 9. Percentage of AFDC Recipients with More than 50 Percent of Income from AFDC and Food Stamps Across Three Ten-Year Time Periods, by Years of Dependency, Race, and Age

Between 1967 and 1976:
Note: The base for the percentages consists of individuals receiving at least $1 of AFDC in any year in the ten-year period. Footnotes in previous reports erroneously defined the base for these percentages as individuals receiving at least $1 of AFDC in the first year of the ten-year period. The current table is based on the same methodology used to compute estimates for earlier reports. Child recipients are defined by age in the first year of the 10-year period. This measures years of dependency over the specified ten-year time periods and does not take into account years of dependency that may have occurred before or after the ten-year period.
Source: Unpublished data from the PSID 1968-93 final release files and 1994-1997 unreleased preliminary data as of January, 2002.
  All Recipients Child Recipients 0-5 in1967
Years Dependent: All Black Non-Black All Black Non-Black
0 Years 47.9 33.0 56.2 37.1 25.0 44.3
1-2 Years 23.2 25.6 21.9 26.6 23.6 28.4
3-5 Years 17.5 22.3 14.8 22.2 27.0 19.3
6-8 Years 8.0 12.3 5.7 9.4 15.5 5.8
9-10 Years 3.3 6.8 1.4 4.7 8.9 2.2
Between 1977 and 1986:
  All Recipients Child Recipients 0-5 in1977
Years Dependent: All Black Non-Black All Black Non-Black
0 Years 49.5 38.8 56.2 32.0 18.9 40
1-2 Years 23.7 24.0 23.5 26.6 25.1 27.6
3-5 Years 12.4 15.4 10.5 14.1 19.4 10.9
6-8 Years 9.0 12.0 7.1 15.0 15.0 15.0
9-10 Years 5.5 9.9 2.8 12.2 21.7 6.5
Between 1987 and 1996:
  All Recipients Child Recipients 0-5 in1987
Years Dependent: All Black Non-Black All Black Non-Black
0 Years 46.5 35.5 54.5 28.2 18.8 37.9
1-2 Years 23.6 22.7 24.2 22.4 21.1 23.8
3-5 Years 16.2 17.9 14.9 23.0 21.8 24.2
6-8 Years 8.0 14.1 3.5 15.3 23.0 7.3
9-10 Years 5.8 9.8 2.9 11.0 15.3 6.8

 

View full report

Preview
Download

"title-TOC.pdf" (pdf, 289.11Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"ch1.pdf" (pdf, 268.53Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"ch2.pdf" (pdf, 1.71Mb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"ch3.pdf" (pdf, 2.3Mb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"apa.pdf" (pdf, 10.43Mb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"apb.pdf" (pdf, 158.5Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"apc.pdf" (pdf, 489.7Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®