Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2003. Indicator 2. Receipt of Means-tested Assistance and Labor Force Attachment

03/01/2003

Figure IND 2. Percentage of Recipients in Families with Labor Force Participants in that Month, by Program: 2000

Figure IND 2

Source: March CPS data, analyzed using the TRIM3 microsimulation model.

  • In 2000, 59 percent of individuals who received TANF, 56 percent of individuals who received food stamps, and 37 percent of individuals who received SSI were in families with at least one person in the labor force, either part-time or full-time.
  • Over one-third of TANF and food stamp recipients lived in families with at least one fulltime worker in 2000, while slightly more than one-fifth had a part-time labor force participant. In contrast, SSI recipients were more likely to live in families with no labor force participant.
  • As shown in Table IND 2a, among recipients of TANF, food stamps, and SSI, the percentage of children in families with at least one full-time worker was similar across various age groups.
  • The percentage of AFDC/TANF recipients living in families with at least one full-time worker increased from 24 percent in 1996 to 35 percent in 2000, as shown in Table IND 2b.

Table IND 2a. Percentage of Recipients in Families with Labor Force Participants, by Program, Race/Ethnicity, and Age: 2000

    No one in LF At least one in LF, No one FT At least one FT worker
Note: Recipients are limited to those individuals or family members directly receiving benefits in a month. Full-time workers are those who usually work 35 hours or more per week. Part-time labor force participation includes part-time workers and those who are unemployed, laid off, and/or looking for work. This indicator measures, on an average monthly basis, the combination of individual benefit receipt and labor force participation by any family member in the same month.
Source: March CPS data, analyzed using the TRIM3 microsimulation model.
TANF All Persons 41.2 24.1 34.7
  Non-HispanicWhite 37.2 26.6 36.2
  Non-HispanicBlack 46.9 22.2 30.9
  Hispanic 40.8 24.3 34.9
  Children Ages 0-5 42.8 22.0 35.3
  Children Ages 6-10 Children Ages 11-15 42.3 43.5 25.6 21.1 32.1 35.4
  Women Ages 16-64 Men Ages 16-64 41.0 32.0 24.7 29.3 34.3 38.8
  Adults Age 65 and over 39.3 23.5 37.2
FOOD STAMPS All Persons 43.9 20.6 35.5
  Non-HispanicWhite 45.9 20.3 33.8
  Non-HispanicBlack 44.9 20.6 34.5
  Hispanic 37.4 21.4 41.2
  Children Ages 0-5 35.9 21.7 42.4
  Children Ages 6-10 35.6 23.0 41.4
  Children Ages 11-15 36.3 21.5 42.2
  Women Ages 16-64 Men Ages 16-64 44.1 44.5 21.3 21.6 34.6 33.9
  Adults Age 65 and over 87.3 7.3 5.4
SSI All Persons 62.9 7.7 29.4
  Non-HispanicWhite 68.1 7.2 24.8
  Non-HispanicBlack 65.8 8.1 26.1
  Hispanic 48.8 7.5 43.7
  Children Ages 0-5 34.9 12.1 53.0
  Children Ages 6-10 Children Ages 11-15 33.7 31.4 16.9 18.1 49.4 50.6
  Women Ages 16-64 70.3 7.3 22.4
  Men Ages 16-64 65.0 6.3 28.7
  Adults Age 65 and over 65.5 6.2 28.3

Table IND 2b. Percentage of AFDC/TANF Recipients in Families with Labor Force Participants: 1993-2000

  No one in LF At least one in LF, No one FT At least one FT worker
Note: Recipients are limited to those individuals or family members directly receiving benefits in a month. Full-time workers are those who usually work 35 hours or more per week. Part-time labor force participation includes those who are unemployed, laid off, and/or looking for work. This indicator measures, on an average monthly basis, the combination of individual benefit receipt and labor force participation by any family member in the same month.
Source: March CPS data, analyzed using the TRIM3 microsimulation model.
1993 57.0 24.2 18.8
1994 54.8 24.8 20.4
1995 50.6 24.3 25.1
1996 50.1 25.6 24.3
1997 47.6 28.0 24.4
1998 44.3 25.8 29.9
1999 40.8 24.1 35.1
2000 41.2 24.1 34.7

 

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