Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2003. Indicator 10. Long-term Receipt

03/01/2003

Figure IND 10. Percentage of AFDC Recipients, by Years of Receipt Between 1987 and 1996

Source: Unpublished data from the PSID, 1988-1997.

  • IND 10, which analyzes recipiency over a ten-year period using data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID), is only periodically updated. This figure is unchanged from last year’s report and is included to assist those without previous reports.
  • Among all persons receiving AFDC at some point in the ten-year period ending in 1996, about half (51 percent) received assistance for only one or two of these years. About one quarter (27 percent) received AFDC for three to five years, and close to one quarter (22 percent) received AFDC for more than five years.
  • A larger percentage of child recipients experienced long-term receipt and a smaller percentage experienced short-term receipt in all three time periods relative to the percentages for all recipients, as shown in Table IND 10.
  • The percentage of AFDC recipients with long-term assistance (at least six years) is somewhat lower in the most recent ten-year time period—22 percent—than in the earlier two time periods (28 and 26 percent).
  • Whereas nearly one-quarter (22 percent) of recipients received at least some AFDC for six or more years between 1987 and 1996 (as shown in Figure IND 10), only 14 percent of recipients received more than 50 percent of their income from AFDC and food stamps for six or more years over the same time period (as previously shown in Figure IND 9).

Table IND 10: Percentage of AFDC Recipients Across Three Ten-Year Time Periods by Years of Receipt, Race, and Age

Between 1967 and 1976:
Note: As in Table IND 9, the base for the percentages consists of individuals receiving at least $1 of AFDC in any year in the ten-year period. Footnotes in previous reports erroneously defined the base for these percentages as individuals receiving at least $1 of AFDC in the first year of the ten-year period. The current table is based on the same methodology used to compute estimates for earlier reports. Child recipients are defined by age in the first year of the 10-year period. This measures years of recipiency over the specified ten-year time periods and does not take into account years of recipiency that may have occurred before or after the ten-year period.
Source: Unpublished data from the PSID 1968-93 final release files and 1994-1997 unreleased preliminary data as of January, 2002.
  All Recipients Child Recipients 0-5 in1967
Years received AFDC: All Black Non-Black All Black Non-Black
1-2 Years 46.8 32.2 54.9 39.6 24.6 48.6
3-5 Years 27.1 32.4 24.1 30.7 38.5 26.0
6-8 Years 17.9 22.3 15.4 18.3 19.9 17.3
9-10 Years 8.2 13.2 5.5 11.4 17.0 8.0
Between 1977 and 1986:
  All Recipients Child Recipients 0-5 in1977
Years received AFDC: All Black Non-Black All Black Non-Black
1-2 Years 46.1 32.1 54.9 35.5 17.0 46.7
3-5 Years 26.0 29.3 24.0 23.1 31.5 18.0
6-8 Years 17.4 22.9 13.9 19.7 22.7 17.8
9-10 Years 10.5 15.7 7.3 21.7 28.8 17.4
Between 1987 and 1996:
  All Recipients Child Recipients 0-5 in1987
Years received AFDC: All Black Non-Black All Black Non-Black
1-2 Years 51.0 39.2 59.7 34.6 18.8 51.1
3-5 Years 26.6 27.6 25.9 29.6 33.5 25.6
6-8 Years 13.5 18.2 10.0 20.6 25.2 15.9
9-10 Years 8.8 15.0 4.3 15.1 22.5 7.4

 

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