Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2003. Employment and Work-related Risk Factor 6. Adult Alcohol and Substance Abuse

03/01/2003

Figure WORK 6. Percentage of Adults Who Used Cocaine or Marijuana or Abused Alcohol, by Age: 2001

Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse.

  • In 2001, young adults (ages 18 to 25) were more likely than older adults to report alcohol abuse, marijuana use, or cocaine use in the past month. More than one in seven (16 percent) of adults 18 to 25 reported using marijuana in the past month during 2001, compared with 7 percent of adults 26 to 34 and 2 percent of adults 35 and older. Young adults were also significantly more likely to abuse alcohol than older adults.
  • The percentage of persons reporting binge alcohol use was significantly larger than the percentages for all other reported behaviors across all age groups, as shown in Table WORK 6.

Table WORK 6. Percentage of Adults Who Used Cocaine or Marijuana or Abused Alcohol, by Age: 1999, 2000, and 2001

  1999 2000 2001
Note: Cocaine and marijuana use is defined as use during the past month. “Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least one day in the past 30 days. "Occasion" means at the same time or within a couple hours of each other. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of five or more days in the past 30 days; all Heavy Alcohol Users are also "Binge" Alcohol Users. Due to a change in NHSDA methodology in 1999, the 1999-2001 estimates cannot be compared to estimates from 1998 and earlier years for trend purposes.
Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse.
Cocaine
Ages 18-25 1.7 1.4 1.9
Ages 26-34 1.2 0.8 1.1
Age 35 and Over 0.4 0.3 0.5
Marijuana
Ages 18-25 14.2 13.6 16.0
Ages 26-34 5.4 5.9 6.8
Age 35 and Over 2.2 2.3 2.4
Binge Alcohol Use
Ages 18-25 37.9 37.8 38.7
Ages 26-34 29.3 30.3 30.1
Age 35 and Over 16.0 16.4 16.2
Heavy Alcohol Use
Ages 18-25 13.3 12.8 13.6
Ages 26-34 7.5 7.6 7.8
Age 35 and Over 4.2 4.1 4.2

 

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