Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2003. Economic Security Risk Factor 9. Lack of Health Insurance

03/01/2003

Figure ECON 9. Percentage of Persons without Health Insurance, by Income: 2001

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Survey, March 2002.

  • Poor persons were more than twice as likely as all persons to be without health insurance in 2001 (30 percent compared to 14 percent). While the ratio varied across categories, persons with family income at or below the poverty line were more likely to be without health insurance regardless of race/ethnicity, gender, educational attainment, or age.
  • Hispanics were the ethnic group least likely to have health insurance in 2001, among both the general population and those with incomes below the poverty line. While white individuals in general were more likely to have insurance than black individuals, poor black individuals were more likely to have insurance than poor white individuals.
  • Among all persons, the amount of education was inversely related to health insurance coverage, as shown in Table ECON 9. However, among poor persons, educational attainment made little difference as to whether individuals had health insurance.
  • As shown in Table ECON 9, individuals ages 18 to 34 are the most likely to be without health insurance, among both the general population and the poor population. Nearly half of all 18 to 34 year-olds with incomes below the poverty line had no health insurance in 2001.

Table ECON 9. Percentage of Persons without Health Insurance, by Income and Selected Characteristics: 2001

  All Persons Poor Persons
All Persons 14.6 30.7
Male 15.8 33.9
Female 13.5 28.2
White 13.6 31.7
Black 19.0 26.2
Hispanic 33.2 43.7
No H.S. Diploma 27.6 37.2
H.S. Graduate, no college 17.4 35.9
College Graduate 7.3 31.3
Age 18 and under 11.7 21.3
Ages 18-24 28.1 45.5
Ages 25-34 23.4 49.5
Ages 35-44 16.1 44.6
Ages 45-64 13.1 31.9
Age 65 and over 0.8 2.7
Note: "Poor persons" are defined as those with total family incomes at or below the poverty rate. Persons of Hispanic ethnicity may be of any race. Racial categories include Hispanics.
Source: Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, “Health Insurance Coverage: 2001,” Current Population Reports, Series P60-220 (March 2002 Current Population Survey). Online: Available at http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/hlthin01.html.

 

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