Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2003. Economic Security Risk Factor 7. Child SUPPORT

03/01/2003

Figure ECON 7. Total, Non-AFDC/TANF, and AFDC/TANF Title IV-D Child Support Collections: 1978-2001

Figure ECON 7. Total, Non-AFDC/TANF, and AFDC/TANF Title IV-D Child Support Collections: 1978-2001

Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Office of Child Support Enforcement, Child Support Collections: 2002 TANF Report to Congress (and earlier years), Washington, DC.

  • Collections paid through the Child Support Enforcement system (Title IV-D of the Social Security Act) totaled $19 billion in 2001, over $1 billion more than in 2000. During the 1990s, child support collections grew rapidly, at an average rate of almost $1.1 billion a year.
  • Non-TANF collections as a percentage of overall collections by the IV-D program have rapidly increased in recent years. (Non-TANF collections include collections paid to former TANF families as well as to families with no contact with the welfare system.) Non-TANF collections increased by $1.1 billion between 2000 and 2001, while TANF collections remained essentially unchanged. Note that this stability occurred despite a 6.5 percent drop in the number of TANF recipient families over the same time period.
  • The amount of TANF collections paid to AFDC/TANF families is difficult to track in recent years because of changes in data reporting forms. Available data suggest these payments declined in fiscal years 1997-2000, with an increase shown in fiscal year 2001, as shown in Table ECON 7. A number of states have opted to pass through some or all of collections to the custodial TANF family, even though the 1996 welfare reform repealed the former requirement for a $50 “pass-through to families.”
  • More than 87 percent of TANF collections (collections on behalf of TANF recipients and for past due support assigned to the state by former TANF recipients) was retained in 2001 to reimburse the state and federal governments for the cost of welfare benefits.

Table ECON 7. Total, Non-AFDC/TANF, and AFDC/TANF Title IV-D Child Support Collections: 1978-2001

Fiscal Year Total Total Collections (in millions)
AFDC/TANF Collections
Total Payments to AFDC/TANF Families Federal & State Share of Collections Non-AFDC/TANF Collections Total IV-D Administrative Expenditures
Current Dollars Constant '00 Dollars
Note: Not all states report current child support collections in all years. Constant dollar adjustments to the 2000 level were made using a CPI-U-X1 fiscal year average price index. Data for fiscal years 1999 and thereafter relating to the Federal and State share of TANF collections include assistance reimbursement for former TANF families. These data may not be exactly comparable to that of previous years due to changes in data reporting categories.
Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Office of Child Support Enforcement, Child Support Collections: 2002 TANF Report to Congress (and earlier years), Washington, DC.
1978 $1,047 $2,788 $472 $13 $459 $575 $312
1979 1,333 3,259 597 12 584 736 383
1980 1,478 3,240 603 10 593 874 466
1981 1,629 3,252 671 12 659 958 526
1982 1,771 3,301 786 15 771 985 612
1983 2,024 3,623 880 15 865 1,144 691
1984 2,378 4,078 1,000 17 983 1,378 723
1985 2,694 4,455 1,090 189 901 1,604 814
1986 3,249 5,234 1,225 275 955 2,019 941
1987 3,917 6,144 1,349 278 1,070 2,569 1,066
1988 4,605 6,951 1,486 289 1,188 3,128 1,171
1989 5,241 7,536 1,593 307 1,286 3,648 1,363
1990 6,010 8,233 1,750 334 1,416 4,260 1,606
1991 6,886 8,979 1,984 381 1,603 4,902 1,804
1992 7,964 10,080 2,259 435 1,824 5,705 1,995
1993 8,907 10,943 2,416 446 1,971 6,491 2,241
1994 9,850 11,789 2,550 457 2,093 7,300 2,556
1995 10,827 12,608 2,689 474 2,215 8,138 3,012
1996 12,020 13,619 2,855 480 2,375 9,165 3,049
1997 13,364 14,744 2,843 157 2,685 10,521 3,428
1998 14,348 15,576 2,650 152 2,498 11,698 3,585
1999 15,901 16,939 2,482 113 2,368 13,421 4,039
2000 17,854 18,429 2,593 165 2,428 15,261 4,526
2001 18,958 18,958 2,592 332 2,259 16,366 4,835

 

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