Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2002. Indicator 6. Dependence Transitions

03/01/2002

Figure IND 6. Dependency Status in 1995 of Persons Who Received More than 50 Percent of Income from Means-Tested Assistance in 1994, by Race/Ethnicity

Figure IND 6. Dependency Status in 1995 of Persons Who Received More than 50 Percent of Income from Means-Tested Assistance in 1994, by Race/Ethnicity

Source:  Unpublished data from the SIPP, 1993 panel.

  • Nearly four-fifths (79 percent) of all recipients who received more than 50 percent of their total income from means-tested assistance programs in 1994 also received more than 50 percent of their total income from these same programs in 1995.
  • Of recipients who received more than 50 percent of their total income from AFDC, food stamps and SSI in 1994, a larger percentage of non-Hispanic whites became “less dependent” in 1995 (received 50 percent or less of their total income from means-tested assistance programs) compared to Hispanics and non-Hispanic blacks.
  • As shown in Table IND 6, a slightly larger percentage of women who received more than half of their total income from means-tested assistance programs in 1994 remained “dependent” in 1995 compared to the same percentage for men (79 percent compared to 73 percent).

Table IND 6. Dependency Status in 1995 of Persons Who Received More than 50 Percent of Income from Means-Tested Assistance in 1994, by Race/Ethnicity and Age

Individuals Receiving more than 50% of Income from Assistance in 1994  Total (000's) Percentage of Persons Receiving
No Aid in 1995 Up to 50% in 1995 Over 50% in 1995
All Persons 13,986 2.7 18.8 78.5
Racial/Ethnic Categories
Non-Hispanic White 4,804 3.1 26.2 70.7
Non-Hispanic Black 4,710 2.3 19.2 78.5
Hispanic 3,418 2.9 11.6 85.5
Age Categories
Children Ages 0-5 3,185 2.0 18.6 79.4
Children Ages 6-10 2,102 0.6 17.8 81.6
Children Ages 11-15 1,724 1.6 19.5 78.9
 
Men Ages 16-64 1,866 2.5 18.7 72.6
Women Ages 16-64 4,472 7.1 20.4 78.8
Adults Age 65 and over 636 4.6 17.9 77.5

Note:  Means-tested assistance is defined as AFDC, food stamps, and SSI. While only affecting a small number of cases, general assistance income is included within AFDC income. Individuals are defined as dependent if they reside in families with more than 50 percent of total annual family income from these means-tested programs. Because full calendar year data for 1995 were not available for all SIPP respondents, some transitions were based on twelve-month periods that did not correspond exactly to calendar years.

Source:  Unpublished data from the SIPP, 1993 panel.

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