Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2002. Indicator 5. Multiple Program Receipt

03/01/2002

Figure IND 5. Percentage of Population Receiving Assistance from Multiple Programs (TANF, Food Stamps, & SSI), Among Those Receiving Assistance: 1999

Figure IND 5.  Percentage of Population Receiving Assistance from Multiple Programs (TANF, Food Stamps, & SSI), Among Those Receiving Assistance: 1999

Source:  March CPS data, analyzed using the TRIM3 microsimulation model.

  • Of the 9 percent of the population in families receiving TANF, food stamps, or SSI benefits in an average month in 1998, nearly two-thirds (65 percent) received assistance from only one program. Most of these received food stamps or SSI benefits only. Another common pattern of benefit receipt, found in 24 percent of those with any receipt, was TANF and food stamps.
  • Children are more likely than others to live in families receiving TANF and/or food stamps. For example, 16 percent of children under six lived in families receiving any public assistance in an average month in 1999, and 6 percent of children under six lived in families receiving both TANF and food stamps, as shown in Table IND 5a.
  • The percentage of individuals receiving assistance from at least one program among AFDC/TANF, food stamps, and SSI in an average month decreased during the mid-to-late 1990s (from 12 percent in 1996 to less than 9 percent in 1999), as shown in Table IND 5b. The decline was most dramatic for those families receiving a combination of AFDC/TANF and food stamps.

Table IND 5a. Percentage of Population Receiving Assistance from Multiple Programs (TANF, Food Stamps, SSI), by Race/Ethnicity and Age: 1999

 

Any Receipt

One Program Only

Two Programs
TANF FS SSI

TANF & FS

FS & SSI
All Persons 8.5 0.4 3.8 1.3 2.0 1.0
Racial/Ethnic Categories
Non-Hispanic White 5.2 0.2 2.3 0.9 1.1 0.7
Non-Hispanic Black 21.2 0.4 10.8 2.3 5.0 2.6
Hispanic 13.8 1.4 5.7 2.0 3.6 1.1
Age Categories
Children Ages 0-5 16.0 1.1 7.4 0.6 6.2 0.6
Children Ages 6-10 14.7 0.8 8.0 0.6 4.7 0.6
Children Ages 11-15 12.4 0.7 6.5 0.7 4.0 0.5
 
Women Ages 16-64 8.0 0.3 3.6 1.1 1.9 1.0
Men Ages 16-64 4.8 0.2 2.3 1.1 0.5 0.7
Adults Age 65 and over 7.6 0.0 1.9 3.5 0.0 2.2

Table IND 5b. Percentage of Population Receiving Assistance from Multiple Programs (AFDC/TANF, Food Stamps, SSI): 1993-1999

  Any Receipt One Program Only Two Programs
AFDC/ TANF FS SSI AFDC/TANF & FS FS & SSI
1993 12.6 0.6 5.2 1.1 4.8 1.0
1994 12.8 0.5 5.3 1.2 4.6 1.1
1995 12.3 0.4 5.0 1.2 4.5 1.1
1996 12.0 0.3 5.3 1.2 4.0 1.1
1997 10.2 0.4 4.3 1.3 3.1 1.0
1998 9.0 0.4 3.9 1.4 2.4 0.9
1999 8.5 0.4 3.8 1.3 2.0 1.0

Note:  Categories are mutually exclusive. SSI receipt based on individual receipt; AFDC/TANF and food stamp receipt based on full recipient unit. By definition, individuals may not receive both AFDC/TANF and SSI; hence, no individual receives benefits from all three programs. The percentage of individuals receiving assistance from any one program in an average month (shown here) is lower than the percentage residing in families receiving assistance over the course of a year (shown in Table SUM 1 in Chapter I and Table IND 1a in Chapter II).

Source:  March CPS data, analyzed using the TRIM3 microsimulation model.

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