Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2002. Employment and Work-related Risk Factor 8. Children's Health Conditions

03/01/2002

Figure WORK 8. Selected Chronic Health Conditions per 1,000 Children Ages 0 to 17: Selected Years

Figure WORK 8. Selected Chronic Health Conditions per 1,000 Children Ages 0 to 17: Selected Years

Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, Trends in the Well-Being of America’s Children and Youth: 1998. Table HC 2.5.

  • Respiratory conditions, especially chronic sinusitis and asthma, were the most prevalent chronic health conditions experienced in recent years by children.
  • Rates for asthma show some year-to-year variation, but were higher in the mid-1990s (62 to 75 children per thousand) than in the mid-1980s (43 to 53 children per thousand). Like rates for asthma, the prevalence of chronic sinusitis has both increased and showed considerable year-to-year variation.
  • In 1996, 26 children per thousand had a deformity or orthopedic impairment, down from a high of 36 children per thousand in 1987, as shown in Table WORK 8.
  • The rate for heart disease among children has ranged from a low of 18 cases per thousand in 1994 to a high of 24 cases per thousand in 1996, with no clear trend.

Table WORK 8. Selected Chronic Health Conditions per 1,000 Children Ages 0 to 17: Selected Years

  1984 1987 1990 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996
Respiratory Conditions
Chronic Bronchitis 50 62 53 54 59 55 54 57
Chronic Sinusitis 47 58 57 69 80 65 76 64
Asthma 43 53 58 63 72 69 75 62
Chronic Diseases of Tonsils or Adenoids 34 30 23 28 26 23 19 20
Impairments
Deformity or Orthopedic Impairment 35 36 29 33 29 28 30 26
Speech Impairment 16 19 14 21 20 21 18 16
Hearing Impairment 24 16 21 15 17 18 15 13
Visual Impairment 9 10 9 10 7 9 7 6
Other Conditions
Heart Disease 23 22 19 19 20 18 19 24
Anemia 11 8 10 11 9 12 7 5
Epilepsy 7 4 4 3 5 5 4 5

Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, Trends in the Well-Being of America’s Children and Youth: 1998. Table HC 2.5. 

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