Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2002. Employment and Work-related Risk Factor 7. ADULT/CHILD Disability

03/01/2002

Figure WORK 7.Percentage of the Total Population Reporting a Disability, by Age: 2000

Figure WORK 7. Percentage of the Total Population Reporting a Disability, by Age: 2000

Source: Provisional data from the 2000 National Health Interview Survey.

  • In 2000, 12 percent of all Americans had an activity-limiting disability. In addition, activity-limiting disabilities were reported by 6 percent of children, 10 percent of adults under the age of 65, and 36 percent of elderly adults in 2000.
  • Among the non-elderly population, rates of activity limitation were very similar for non-Hispanic whites and non-Hispanic blacks in 2000 (9 percent and 10 percent, respectively), but lower for Hispanics (6 percent), as shown in Table WORK 7.
  • While adults were more likely than children to report an activity limitation, a higher percentage of children than adults were actually recipients of disability program benefits in 2000 (5.5 percent compared to 3.8 percent), as shown in Table WORK 7.
  • Elderly adults were far more likely than adults under the age of 65 to have activity limitations, work disabilities, or long-term care needs in 2000.

Table WORK 7. Percentage of the Total Population Reporting a Disability, by Race/Ethnicity and Age: 2000

  Activity Limitation Work Disability Long-Term Care Needs Disability Program Recipient
All Persons, All Ages 11.9      
All Persons under 65 Years 8.7      
Racial/Ethnic Categories (Persons under 65 Years)
Non-Hispanic White 9.1      
Non-Hispanic Black 9.7      
Hispanic 5.9      
Age Categories
Children Ages 0-17 6.4 N/A N/A 5.5
Adults Ages 18-64 9.6 7.8 1.8 3.8
Adults Age 65 and over 35.5 30.4 13.8 N/A

Note: Alternative measures of disability (work disability, long-term care needs, and disability program recipient) are not available by race/ethnicity or across the entire population because different alternative measures are not applicable to certain age groups. Respondents were defined as having an activity limitation if they answered positively to any of the questions regarding: (1) work disability (see definition below); (2) long-term care needs (see definition below); (3) difficulty walking; (4) difficulty remembering; (5) for children under 5, limitations in the amount of play activities they can participate in because of physical, mental, or emotional problems; (6) for children 3 and over, receipt of Special Educational or Early Intervention Services; and, (7) any other limitations due to physical, mental, or emotional problems. Work disability is defined as limitations in or the inability to work as a result of a physical, mental or emotional health condition. Individuals are identified as having long-term care needs if they need the help of others in handling either personal care needs (eating, bathing, dressing, getting around the home) or routine needs (household chores, shopping, getting around for business or other purposes). Disability program recipients include persons covered by Supplemental Security Income (SSI), Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI), Special Education Services, Early Intervention Services, and/or disability pensions.

Source: Provisional data from the 2000 National Health Interview Survey.

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