Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2002. Employment and Work-related Risk Factor 5. High-school Dropout Rates

03/01/2002

Figure WORK 5. Percentage of Students Enrolled in Grades 10 to 12 in the Previous Year Who Were Not Enrolled and Had Not Graduated in the Survey Year, by Race/Ethnicity: Selected Years

Figure WORK 5.  Percentage of Students Enrolled in Grades 10 to 12 in the Previous Year Who Were Not Enrolled and Had Not Graduated in the Survey Year, by Race/Ethnicity: Selected Years

Source: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Dropout Rates in the United States: 2000 and earlier years (based on Current Population Survey data from the October supplement).

  • With the exception of a small upward movement in 1988, the dropout rates for teens in grades 10 to 12 declined steadily from 1979 to 1991. From a low of 4 percent, the rate began rising to a peak of 5.7 percent in 1995. Following this upturn, the overall rate again declined to 4.6 percent in 1997; since then it has fluctuated, moving up to 5.0 percent in 1999 and then back down again to 4.8 percent in 2000.
  • Dropout rates among Hispanic and black teens have fluctuated considerably over time. Still, dropout rates are generally highest for Hispanic teens and lowest for white teens. In 2000, the dropout rate was 7.4 percent for Hispanic teens, compared to 6.1 percent for black teens and 4.1 percent for white teens.

Table WORK 5. Percentage of Students Enrolled in Grades 10 to 12 in the Previous Year Who Were Not Enrolled and Had Not Graduated in the Survey Year, by Race/Ethnicity: Selected Years

  Total Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Black Hispanic Origin
1972 6.1 5.3 9.5 11.2
1973 6.3 5.5 9.9 10.0
1974 6.7 5.8 11.6 9.9
1975 5.8 5.0 8.7 10.9
1976 5.9 5.6 7.4 7.3
1977 6.5 6.1 8.6 7.8
1978 6.7 5.8 10.2 12.3
1979 6.7 6.0 9.9 9.8
1980 6.1 5.2 8.2 11.7
1981 5.9 4.8 9.7 10.7
1982 5.5 4.7 7.8 9.2
1983 5.2 4.4 7.0 10.1
1984 5.1 4.4 5.7 11.1
1985 5.2 4.3 7.8 9.8
1986 4.7 3.7 5.4 11.9
1987 4.1 3.5 6.4 5.4
1988 4.8 4.2 5.9 10.4
1989 4.5 3.5 7.8 7.8
1990 4.0 3.3 5.0 7.9
1991 4.0 3.2 6.0 7.3
1992 4.4 3.7 5.0 8.2
1993 4.5 3.9 5.8 6.7
1994 5.3 4.2 6.6 10.0
1995 5.7 4.5 6.4 12.3
1996 5.0 4.1 6.7 9.0
1997 4.6 3.6 5.0 9.5
1998 4.8 3.9 5.2 9.4
1999 5.0 4.0 6.5 7.8
2000 4.8 4.1 6.1 7.4

Note: Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Due to small sample size, American Indians/Alaska Natives and Asian/Pacific Islanders are included in the total but are not shown separately. Beginning in 1987, the Bureau of the Census instituted new editing procedures for cases with missing data on school enrollment. Beginning in 1992, the data reflect new wording of the educational attainment item in the CPS.

Source: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Dropout Rates in the United States: 2000 and earlier years (based on Current Population Survey data from the October supplement).

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