Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2002. Employment and Work-related Risk Factor 1. Labor Force Attachment

03/01/2002

Figure WORK 1. Percentage of Individuals in Families with Labor Force Participants, by Race/Ethnicity: 2000

Figure WORK 1. Percentage of Individuals in Families with Labor Force Participants, by Race/Ethnicity: 2000

Source: Unpublished tabulations of March CPS data.

  • In 2000, 73 percent of the total population lived in families with at least one person working on a full-time, full-year basis, as shown in Table WORK 1a. Full-time full-year work was higher in 2000 than during the 1990s, as shown in Table WORK 1b.
  • Overall, 13 percent of the population lived in families with no labor force participants and 14 percent lived in families with part-time and/or part-year labor force participants in 2000.
  • Persons of Hispanic origin were less likely than non-Hispanic whites or non-Hispanic blacks to live in families with no one in the labor force in 1999 (9 percent compared to 14 and 15 percent, respectively).
  • Working-age women were more likely than working-age men to live in families with no one in the labor force (8 percent compared to 6 percent). Men were more likely than women to live in families with at least one full-time, full-year worker (82 percent compared to 78 percent).

Table WORK 1a. Percentage of Individuals in Families with Labor Force Participants, by Race/Ethnicity and Age: 2000

  No one in LF During Year At least one in LF 
No one FT/FY
At least one FT/FY worker
All Persons 13.1 13.9 73.0
Racial/Ethnic Categories
Non-Hispanic White 13.8 13.1 73.1
Non-Hispanic Black 15.2 15.9 68.9
Hispanic 8.8 16.0 75.2

Age Categories

Children Ages 0-5 4.8 14.8 80.4
Children Ages 6-10 4.9 13.7 81.4
Children Ages 11-15 4.6 12.3 83.0
Women Ages 16-64 7.6 14.6 77.9
Men Ages 16-64 5.7 12.6 81.7
Adults Age 65 and over 64.5 15.5 20.0

Table WORK 1b. Percentage of Individuals in Families with Labor Force Participants: 1990-2000

  No one in LF During Year At least one in LF
No one FT/FY
At least one FT/FY 
LF participant
1990 13.7 18.1 68.3
1991 14.3 18.7 67.0
1992 14.3 18.6 67.1
1993 14.2 18.6 67.3
1994 14.0 17.7 68.3
1995 13.8 17.0 69.2
1996 13.6 16.7 69.7
1997 13.5 16.3 70.2
1998 13.3 15.3 71.4
1999 13.1 14.6 72.3
2000 13.1 13.9 73.0

Note: Full-time, full-year workers are defined as those who usually worked for 35 or more hours per week, for at least 50 weeks in a given year. Part-time and part-year labor force participation includes part-time workers and individuals who are unemployed, laid off, and/or looking for work for part or all of the year. This indicator represents annual measures of labor force participation, and thus cannot be compared to monthly measures of labor force participation in Indicator 2.

Source: Unpublished tabulations of March CPS data.

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