Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2002. Economic Security Risk Factor 7. Child SUPPORT

03/01/2002

Figure ECON 7. Total, Non-AFDC/TANF, and AFDC/TANF Title IV-D Child Support Collections: 1978-2000

Figure ECON 7. Total, Non-AFDC/TANF, and AFDC/TANF Title IV-D Child Support Collections: 1978-2000

Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Office of Child Support Enforcement, Preliminary Child Support Enforcement FY 1999 Data Report, 2000 (and earlier years), Washington, DC.

  • Collections paid through the Child Support Enforcement system (Title IV-D of the Social Security Act) totaled $17.9 billion in 2000, nearly $2 billion more than in 1999. During the 1990s, child support collections grew rapidly, at an average rate of almost $1.1 billion a year.
  • Non-TANF collections as a percentage of overall collections by the IV-D program have rapidly increased in recent years. Non-TANF collections increased by nearly $1.6 billion between 1999 and 2000, while TANF collections increased by nearly $111 million. However, this 4.5 percent increase in TANF collections between 1999 and 2000 occurred despite the 15 percent drop in the number of TANF recipient families over the same time period.
  • The amount of TANF collections paid to AFDC/TANF families has decreased since FY 1996, when the first $50 of each month’s child support collection were “passed through” to families that were receiving cash benefits. The $50 pass-through was repealed by the 1996 welfare reform law, although a number of states have opted to pass through some or all of collections to the custodial TANF family, despite the loss of revenues to the state.
  • In 2000, nearly 79 percent of TANF collections (collections on behalf of TANF recipients and for past due support assigned to the state by former TANF recipients) was retained to reimburse the state and federal governments for the cost of welfare benefits, as shown in Table ECON 7.

Table ECON 7. Total, Non-AFDC/TANF, and AFDC/TANF Title IV-D Child Support Collections: 1978-2000 Total Collections (in millions)

Fiscal Year Total Collections AFDC/TANF Collections 
Current Dollars Constant
'00 Dollars
Total  Payments to AFDC/TANF Families Federal & State Share of Collections Non-AFDC/TANF Collections Total IV-D Administrative Expenditures
1978 $1,047 $2,701 $472 $13 $459 $575 $312
1979 1,333 3,157 597 12 584 736 383
1980 1,478 3,139 603 10 593 874 466
1981 1,629 3,151 671 12 659 958 526
1982 1,771 3,198 786 15 771 985 612
1983 2,024 3,510 880 15 865 1,144 691
1984 2,378 3,951 1,000 17 983 1,378 723
1985 2,694 4,316 1,090 189 901 1,604 814
1986 3,249 5,070 1,225 275 955 2,019 941
1987 3,917 5,953 1,349 278 1,070 2,569 1,066
1988 4,605 6,735 1,486 289 1,188 3,128 1,171
1989 5,241 7,301 1,593 307 1,286 3,648 1,363
1990 6,010 7,976 1,750 334 1,416 4,260 1,606
1991 6,886 8,699 1,984 381 1,603 4,902 1,804
1992 7,964 9,765 2,259 435 1,824 5,705 1,995
1993 8,907 10,602 2,416 446 1,971 6,491 2,241
1994 9,850 11,422 2,550 457 2,093 7,300 2,556
1995 10,827 12,215 2,689 474 2,215 8,138 3,012
1996 12,020 13,194 2,855 480 2,375 9,165 3,049
1997 13,364 14,284 2,843 157 2,685 10,521 3,428
1998 14,348 15,090 2,650 152 2,498 11,698 3,585
1999 15,901 16,410 2,482 113 2,368 13,699 4,039
2000 17,854 17,854 2,593 165 2,048 15,261 4,526

Note: Not all states report current child support collections in all years. Constant dollar adjustments to the 2000 level were made using a CPI-U-X1 fiscal year average price index. Data for fiscal years 1999 and 2000 may not be exactly comparable to that of previous years due to changes in data reporting forms.

Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Office of Child Support Enforcement, Child Support Collections: 2001 TANF Report to Congress (and earlier years), Washington, DC. 

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