Figure ECON 1. Percentage of Persons in Poverty, by Age: 1959-2000
Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, “Poverty in the United States: 2000,” Current Population Reports, Series P60-214 and data published online athttp://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty.html.
- The percentage of persons living in poverty fell to 11 percent in 2000, the lowest level since 1973.
- While the poverty rate for children has declined along with the overall rate in the past several years, children, particularly young children, continue to have higher poverty rates than the overall population. For example, in 2000, the poverty rate for related children ages 0 to 5 was about 17 percent, compared to about 11 percent for the overall population.
- The poverty rate for blacks declined by 6 percentage points between 1996 and 2000, from 28 percent to 22 percent, as shown in Table ECON 1. The gap between black and white poverty rates was at an historic low of 13 percentage points in 2000; the gap has narrowed by a third since the early 1990s, when it exceeded 21 percentage points. The poverty rate among Hispanics reached 21 percent in 2000, the lowest level recorded.
- The poverty rate for the elderly (persons ages 65 and over) reached historic lows of less than 10 percent in 1999 and just over 10 percent in 2000. This was a lower poverty rate than the rate for children under 18 (16 percent) and slightly above adults ages 18-64 (9.4 percent).
Table ECON 1. Percentage of Persons in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity and Age: Selected Years
|Calendar Year||Related Children||All Persons|
|Ages 0-5||Ages 6-17||Total||Under 18||18 to 64||65 & over||White||Black||Hispanic Origin|
Notes: Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race All persons under 18 include related children (own children, including stepchildren and adopted children, plus all other children in the household who are related to the householder by birth, marriage, or adoption), unrelated individuals under 18 (persons who are not living with any relatives), and householders or spouses under age 18.
Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, “Poverty in the United States: 2000,” Current Population Reports, Series P60-214 and data published online at http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty.html.
"title-TOC-execsum.pdf" (pdf, 50.42Kb)
"ch1.pdf" (pdf, 42.07Kb)
"ch2.pdf" (pdf, 127.72Kb)
"ch3.pdf" (pdf, 205.45Kb)
"appa-FS.pdf" (pdf, 81.31Kb)
"appa-SSI.pdf" (pdf, 73.31Kb)
"appa-TANF.pdf" (pdf, 160.32Kb)
"appb.pdf" (pdf, 12.59Kb)