Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2001 . Indicator 5: Multiple Program Receipt

03/01/2001

Figure IND 5. Percentage of Population Receiving Assistance from Multiple Programs (TANF, Food Stamps, & SSI), Among Those Receiving Assistance: 1998

Figure IND 5. Percentage of Population Receiving Assistance from Multiple Programs (TANF, Food Stamps, & SSI), Among Those Receiving Assistance: 1998

Source: March CPS data, analyzed using the TRIM3 microsimulation model.

  • Of the 9 percent of the population in families receiving TANF, food stamps, or SSI benefits in an average month in 1998, nearly two-thirds (63 percent) received assistance from only one program.  Most of these received food stamps or SSI benefits only.  Another pattern of benefit receipt, found in over one-fourth of those with any receipt, was TANF and food stamps.
  • Children are more likely than others to live in families receiving TANF and/or food stamps.  For example, 8 percent of children under six lived in families receiving both TANF and food stamps in an average month in 1998, as shown in Table IND 5a.

  • The percentage of individuals receiving assistance from at least one program among  AFDC/TANF, food stamps, and SSI in an average month decreased during the mid-to-late 1990s (from 13 percent in 1993 to 9 percent in 1998), as shown in Table IND 5b.  The decline was most dramatic for those receiving a combination of AFDC/TANF and food stamps.

Table IND 5a. Percentage of Population Receiving Assistance from Multiple Programs (TANF, Food Stamps, SSI), by Race and Age: 1998

  Any Receipt One Program Only Two Programs
    TANF FS SSI TANF & FS FS & SSI
All Persons 9.0 0.4 3.9 1.4 2.4 0.9
Racial Categories            
Non-Hispanic White 5.7 0.2 2.4 0.9 1.4 0.7
Non-Hispanic Black 21.9 0.6 10.0 2.7 6.3 2.3
Hispanic 15.4 1.5 6.4 2.4 4.1 1.0
Age Categories            
Children Ages 0-5 17.9 1.2 7.9 0.7 7.6 0.5
Children Ages 6-10 15.6 0.9 7.5 0.7 6.1 0.4
Children Ages 11-15 12.8 0.7 5.4 0.9 5.2 0.6
Women Ages 16-64 8.5 0.4 3.8 1.2 2.2 1.0
Men Ages 16-64 5.2 0.2 2.5 1.2 0.6 0.7
Adults Age 65 and over 7.9 0.0 1.9 3.8 0.0 2.2

See below for notes and source.


Table IND 5b. Percentage of Population Receiving Assistance from Multiple Programs (AFDC/TANF, Food Stamps, SSI): 1993-1998

  Any Receipt One Program Only Two Programs
    AFDC/ TANF FS SSI AFDC/TANF & FS FS & SSI
1993 12.6 0.6 5.2 1.1 4.8 1.0
1994 12.8 0.5 5.3 1.2 4.6 1.1
1995 12.3 0.4 5.0 1.2 4.5 1.1
1996 12.0 0.3 5.3 1.2 4.0 1.1
1997 10.2 0.4 4.3 1.3 3.1 1.0
1998 9.0 0.4 3.9 1.4 2.4 0.9

Note: Categories are mutually exclusive.  SSI receipt based on individual receipt; AFDC and food stamp receipt based on full recipient unit.  By definition, individuals may not receive both AFDC and SSI; hence, no individual receives benefits from all three programs.  The percentage of individuals receiving assistance from any one program in an average month (shown here) is lower than the percentage residing in families receiving assistance over the course of a year (shown in Table SUM 1 in Chapter I and Table IND 1a in Chapter II).  Differences between data presented in this report and the 2000 Indicators of Welfare Dependence report are discussed in Appendix D.

Source:  March CPS data, analyzed using the TRIM3 microsimulation model.

View full report

Preview
Download

"Indicators of Welfare Dependence Annual Report to Congress March 2001 .pdf" (pdf, 430.45Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®