Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2001 . Employment and Work-related Risk Factor 1. Labor Force Attachment

03/01/2001

Figure WORK 1. Percentage of Individuals in Families with Labor Force Participants, by Race: 1999

Figure WORK 1. Percentage of Individuals in Families with Labor Force Participants, by Race: 1999

Source: Unpublished tabulations of March CPS data.


  • In 1999, over 72 percent of the total population lived in families with at least one person working on a full-time full-year basis, as shown in Table WORK 1a.  Full-time full-year work was higher in 1999 than in the rest of the 1990s, as shown in Table WORK 1b.

  • Overall, 13 percent of the population lived in families with no labor force participants and 15 percent lived in families with part-time and/or part-year labor force participants in 1999.

  • Persons of Hispanic origin were less likely than non-Hispanic blacks or non-Hispanic whites to live in families with no one in the labor force in 1999 (9 percent compared to 15 and 14 percent, respectively).

  • Working-age women were more likely than working-age men to live in families with no one in the labor force.  Men were more likely to live in families with at least one full-time full-year worker.

Table WORK 1a. Percentage of Individuals in Families with Labor Force Participants,
by Race and Age: 1999

  No one in LF During Year At least one in LF No one FT/FY At least one FT/FY LF participant
All Persons 13.1 14.6 72.3
Racial Categories      
Non-Hispanic White 13.8 13.4 72.8
Non-Hispanic Black 14.6 19.4 66.0
Hispanic 8.9 16.6 74.5
Age Categories      
Children Ages 0-5 4.6 16.0 79.5
Children Ages 6-10 5.0 15.4 79.6
Children Ages 1-15 5.1 13.8 81.1
Women Ages 16-64 7.5 15.5 77.0
Men Ages 16-64 5.6 13.0 81.4
Adults Age 65 and over 64.7 15.5 19.8

See below for notes and source.


Table WORK 1b. Percentage of Individuals in Families with Labor Force Participants: 1990-1999

  No one in LF During Year At least one in LF No one FT/FY At least one FT/FY LF participant
1990 13.7 18.1 68.3
1991 14.3 18.7 67.0
1992 14.3 18.6 67.1
1993 14.2 18.6 67.3
1994 14.0 17.7 68.3
1995 13.8 17.0 69.2
1996 13.6 16.7 69.7
1997 13.5 16.3 70.2
1998 13.3 15.3 71.4
1999 13.1 14.6 72.3

Note: Full-time full-year workers are defined as those who usually worked for 35 or more hours per week, for at least 50 weeks in a given year.  Part-time and part-year labor force participation includes individuals who are unemployed, laid off, and/or looking for work.  This indicator represents annual measures of labor force participation, and thus cannot be compared to monthly measures of labor force participation in Indicator 2 and published in previous Indicators of Welfare Dependence reports (see Appendix D for details).

Source: Unpublished tabulations of March CPS data.

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