Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2000. Table A-3. Total, Federal, and State AFDC/TANF Expenditures, 1970 – 1998

03/01/2000

Table A-3. Total, Federal, and State AFDC/TANF Expenditures, 1970 – 1998 [In millions of current and 1998 dollars]

  Federal Funds (Current Dollars) State Funds (Current Dollars) Total (Current Dollars) Total (Constant 98 Dollars 1)
Fiscal Year Benefits Administrative Benefits Administrative Benefits Administrative Benefits Administrative
1970.............. $2,187 $572 2 $1,895 $309 $4,082 $881 2 $16,409 $3,541
1971.............. 3,008 271 2,469 254 5,477 525 21,077 2,020
1972.............. 3,612 240 3 2,942 241 6,554 481 3 24,356 NA
1973................ 3,865 313 3,138 296 7,003 610 24,995 2,177
1974.............. 4,071 379 3,300 362 7,371 740 24,232 2,433
1975.............. 4,625 552 3,787 529 8,412 1,082 25,205 3,242
1976.............. 5,258 541 4,418 527 9,676 1,069 27,140 2,998
1977.............. 5,626 595 4,762 583 10,388 1,177 27,122 3,073
1978.............. 5,724 631 4,898 617 10,621 1,248 26,016 3,057
1979.............. 5,825 683 4,954 668 10,779 1,350 24,279 3,041
1980.............. 6,448 750 5,508 729 11,956 1,479 24,210 2,995
1981.............. 6,928 835 5,917 814 12,845 1,648 23,651 3,034
1982.............. 6,922 878 5,934 878 12,857 1,756 22,118 3,021
1983.............. 7,332 915 6,275 915 13,607 1,830 22,389 3,011
1984.............. 7,707 876 6,664 822 14,371 1,698 22,681 2,680
1985.............. 7,817 890 6,763 889 14,580 1,779 22,212 2,710
1986.............. 8,239 993 6,996 967 15,235 1,960 22,637 2,912
1987.............. 8,914 1,081 7,409 1,052 16,323 2,133 23,584 3,082
1988.............. 9,125 1,194 7,538 1,159 16,663 2,353 23,129 3,266
1989.............. 9,433 1,211 7,807 1,206 17,240 2,417 22,837 3,202
1990.............. 10,149 1,358 8,390 1,303 18,539 2,661 23,393 3,358
1991.............. 11,165 1,373 9,191 1,300 20,356 2,673 24,451 3,211
1992.............. 12,258 1,459 9,993 1,378 22,250 2,837 25,940 3,308
1993.............. 12,270 1,518 10,016 1,438 22,286 2,956 25,221 3,345
1994.............. 12,512 1,680 10,285 1,621 22,797 3,301 25,134 3,639
1995.............. 12,019 1,770 10,014 1,751 22,032 3,521 23,632 3,777
1996.............. 11,065 1,633 9,346 1,633 20,411 3,266 21,303 3,409
1997 4........... 9,746 1,271 7,902 1,128 17,648 2,399 17,935 2,438
1998.............. 6,788 1,125 7,096 1,028 13,884 2,154 13,884 2,154

Note: Benefits do not include emergency assistance payments and have not been reduced by child support collections. Foster care payments are included from 1971 to 1980. Beginning in fiscal year 1984, the cost of certifying AFDC households for food stamps is shown in the food stamp program’s appropriation under the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Administrative costs include: Work Program, ADP, FAMIS, Fraud Control, Child Care administration (through 1996), SAVE and other State and local administrative expenditures.
1 Constant dollar adjustments to 1998 level were made using a CPI-U-X1 fiscal year price index.
2 Includes expenditures for services.
3 Administrative expenditures only.
4 The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 repealed the AFDC program as of July 1, 1997 and replaced it with the Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) program. Under PRWORA, spending categories are not entirely equivalent to those under AFDC: for example administrative expenses under TANF do not include IV-A child care administration (which accounted for 4 percent of 1996 administrative expense).
Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Office of Program Systems.

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