Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2000. Table A-19.Food Stamp Recipiency Rates by State, Selected Fiscal Years 1977 – 1998

03/01/2000

Table A-19.Food Stamp Recipiency Rates by State, Selected Fiscal Years 1977 – 1998 [In percent]

                  Percent Change
  1977 1981 1985 1989 1992 1994 1996 1998 1989-93 1993-98
United States 7.1 9.0 8.3 7.6 9.9 10.5 9.6 7.3 37 -30
Alabama 8.4 15.4 14.8 10.8 13.3 12.9 11.9 9.8 24 -27
Alaska 2.7 7.7 4.1 4.8 6.4 7.6 7.6 6.9 51 -4
Arizona 5.8 7.5 6.5 7.3 11.8 12.3 9.6 6.3 68 -48
Arkansas 9.7 13.3 10.9 9.7 11.6 11.5 10.9 10.1 21 -14
California 6.0 6.6 6.1 6.1 8.3 10.1 9.9 6.9 51 -25
Colorado 5.5 5.9 5.3 6.5 7.5 7.3 6.4 4.8 19 -37
Connecticut 5.8 5.6 4.5 3.5 6.2 6.8 6.8 6.0 90 -9
Delaware 4.5 9.3 6.5 4.5 7.3 8.4 8.0 6.1 83 -26
Dist. of Columbia 14.5 15.9 11.4 9.4 14.1 16.0 17.2 16.3 60 9
Florida 8.2 9.4 5.5 5.3 10.4 10.6 9.5 6.6 107 -39
Georgia 8.8 11.7 9.5 7.6 11.2 11.8 10.8 8.3 55 -29
Hawaii 11.8 10.6 9.5 7.1 8.2 9.8 11.0 10.2 24 16
Idaho 3.8 6.7 5.9 6.1 6.7 7.2 6.7 5.1 18 -30
Illinois 8.1 8.6 9.7 8.7 10.0 10.1 9.3 7.7 16 -24
Indiana 3.6 7.4 7.4 5.2 7.9 9.0 6.7 5.3 69 -39
Iowa 3.7 5.6 7.2 6.1 6.9 6.9 6.2 4.9 15 -29
Kansas 2.7 4.5 4.9 5.2 6.9 7.5 6.6 4.5 43 -39
Kentucky 11.0 14.2 15.2 12.1 14.1 13.7 12.3 10.5 15 -25
Louisiana 10.6 13.4 14.6 17.0 18.2 17.6 15.4 12.3 7 -32
Maine 9.2 12.4 9.8 6.9 10.7 11.0 10.6 9.3 62 -17
Maryland 6.1 8.1 6.5 5.3 7.0 7.8 7.4 6.3 44 -17
Massachusetts 10.1 7.6 5.7 5.2 7.2 7.3 6.1 4.8 41 -35
Michigan 6.9 10.2 10.8 9.4 10.5 10.8 9.6 7.9 14 -27
Minnesota 4.0 4.9 5.5 5.7 6.9 7.0 6.3 4.7 24 -34
Mississippi 13.5 20.3 19.1 19.1 20.5 19.2 16.9 12.0 6 -41
Missouri 4.5 7.7 7.2 7.9 10.6 11.2 10.3 7.6 42 -33
Montana 3.6 5.9 7.1 7.0 8.1 8.3 8.1 7.1 20 -15
Nebraska 2.6 4.7 5.9 5.9 6.7 6.8 6.2 5.7 20 -19
Nevada 2.7 4.4 3.4 3.6 6.0 6.6 6.0 4.1 86 -39
New Hampshire 5.1 5.8 2.8 2.0 5.2 5.4 4.6 3.3 172 -38
New Jersey 6.7 8.2 6.1 4.6 6.3 6.9 6.8 5.2 47 -22
New Mexico 9.7 13.7 10.9 10.0 14.0 14.7 13.8 10.1 51 -33
New York 9.2 10.5 10.3 8.1 10.4 11.9 11.6 9.0 39 -21
North Carolina 7.5 10.2 7.6 5.9 8.7 8.9 8.6 7.0 52 -22
North Dakota 2.4 4.4 4.9 6.0 7.2 7.1 6.2 5.3 27 -30
Ohio 7.5 9.1 10.6 9.9 11.4 11.2 9.4 6.5 16 -43
Oklahoma 5.5 6.7 8.0 8.3 10.8 11.6 10.7 8.6 39 -25
Oregon 6.3 8.7 8.5 7.6 8.9 9.3 9.0 7.3 22 -22
Pennsylvania 7.1 9.0 8.8 7.7 9.5 10.0 9.3 7.6 28 -23
Rhode Island 8.3 9.3 7.2 5.7 8.7 9.4 9.2 7.3 63 -21
South Carolina 9.4 13.9 11.3 7.9 10.3 10.5 9.6 8.7 38 -20
South Dakota 3.8 6.6 6.9 7.2 7.6 7.3 6.6 6.1 7 -21
Tennessee 8.9 14.6 11.0 10.3 14.0 14.2 12.0 9.9 48 -35
Texas 6.2 8.3 7.8 9.7 13.9 14.8 12.5 8.3 52 -44
Utah 2.7 4.3 4.6 5.6 6.8 6.6 5.4 4.4 27 -38
Vermont 9.4 9.4 8.2 6.1 9.4 11.1 9.6 7.7 65 -23
Virginia 4.6 7.9 6.3 5.4 7.8 8.4 8.1 5.8 52 -29
Washington 5.6 6.4 6.4 6.8 8.4 8.8 8.6 6.4 30 -27
West Virginia 10.4 12.9 14.6 14.3 17.1 17.7 16.5 14.9 24 -16
Wisconsin 3.8 5.7 7.6 6.0 6.7 6.5 5.5 3.7 11 -45
Wyoming 2.1 3.0 5.4 6.0 7.2 7.2 6.9 5.3 23 -27

Note: Recipiency rate refers to the average monthly number of food stamp recipients in each State during the particular fiscal year expressed as a percent of the total resident population as of July 1 of that year. The numerator is from Table A-18.
Source: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service, unpublished data from the National Data Bank and U.S. Bureau of the Census, (Resident population by state available online at http://www.census.gov/population/estimates/state/).

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