Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2000. Table A-18. Average Number of Food Stamp Recipients by State, Selected Fiscal Years 1977 – 1998

03/01/2000

Table A-18. Average Number of Food Stamp Recipients by State, Selected Fiscal Years 1977 – 1998 [In thousands]

                  Percent Change
  1977 1981 1985 1989 1992 1994 1996 1998 1989-93 1993-98
United States 17,014 22,430 21,379 20,266 26,886 28,879 26,872 20,970 40 -26
Alabama 316 605 588 436 550 545 509 427 29 -24
Alaska 11 32 22 26 38 46 46 42 65 -2
Arizona 140 210 206 264 457 512 427 296 85 -39
Arkansas 213 305 253 227 277 283 274 256 25 -10
California 1,345 1,605 1,615 1,776 2,558 3,155 3,143 2,259 61 -21
Colorado 147 175 170 211 260 268 244 191 29 -30
Connecticut 178 175 145 114 202 223 223 196 90 -9
Delaware 26 56 40 30 51 59 58 46 95 -21
Dist. of Columbia 98 101 72 58 82 91 93 85 48 -1
Florida 728 957 630 668 1,404 1,474 1,371 991 125 -34
Georgia 459 654 567 485 754 830 793 632 67 -22
Guam 22 25 20 13 20 15 18 25 0 100
Hawaii 108 104 99 78 94 115 130 122 32 19
Idaho 33 64 59 61 72 82 80 62 30 -21
Illinois 922 984 1,110 990 1,156 1,189 1,105 923 19 -22
Indiana 196 405 406 285 448 518 390 313 74 -37
Iowa 108 163 203 168 192 196 177 141 17 -28
Kansas 62 108 119 128 175 192 172 119 47 -37
Kentucky 394 519 560 447 529 522 486 412 19 -22
Louisiana 425 574 644 725 779 756 670 537 7 -31
Maine 101 140 114 84 133 136 131 115 64 -17
Maryland 255 346 287 249 342 390 375 323 51 -14
Massachusetts 579 437 337 314 429 442 374 293 41 -34
Michigan 635 942 985 874 994 1,031 935 772 17 -25
Minnesota 158 202 228 245 309 318 295 220 29 -31
Mississippi 333 514 495 493 536 511 457 329 9 -39
Missouri 221 378 362 404 549 593 554 411 46 -30
Montana 27 47 58 56 66 71 71 62 26 -11
Nebraska 40 75 94 92 107 111 102 95 23 -16
Nevada 18 37 32 41 80 97 97 72 126 -23
New Hampshire 44 54 28 22 58 62 53 40 176 -34
New Jersey 493 608 464 353 494 545 540 425 50 -20
New Mexico 118 183 157 151 221 244 235 175 62 -28
New York 1,646 1,851 1,834 1,463 1,885 2,154 2,099 1,627 40 -20
North Carolina 428 605 474 390 597 630 631 528 61 -16
North Dakota 15 29 33 39 46 45 40 34 25 -30
Ohio 803 976 1,133 1,068 1,251 1,245 1,045 734 19 -42
Oklahoma 158 206 263 261 346 376 354 288 42 -22
Oregon 153 232 228 213 265 286 288 238 33 -16
Pennsylvania 843 1,071 1,032 916 1,137 1,208 1,124 907 29 -24
Puerto Rico 1,472 1,805 1,480 1,460 1,480 1,410 1,330 1,181 -1 -18
Rhode Island 79 88 69 57 87 94 91 72 62 -22
South Carolina 280 443 373 272 369 385 358 333 45 -16
South Dakota 26 46 48 50 55 53 49 45 11 -19
Tennessee 392 677 518 500 702 735 638 538 55 -30
Texas 823 1,226 1,263 1,634 2,454 2,726 2,372 1,636 63 -38
Utah 36 65 75 95 123 128 110 92 40 -31
Vermont 46 48 44 34 54 65 56 46 70 -21
Virgin Islands 25 34 32 16 16 20 31 17 8 -1
Virginia 240 432 360 333 495 547 538 397 61 -26
Washington 212 271 281 321 431 468 478 364 44 -21
West Virginia 199 252 278 259 310 321 300 269 24 -17
Wisconsin 175 269 363 291 334 330 283 193 16 -43
Wyoming 9 15 27 27 33 34 33 25 25 -26

Source: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service, unpublished data from the National Data Bank.

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