Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2000. Table A-15 Trends in Food Stamp Expenditures, Selected Years 1962 – 1999

03/01/2000

Table A-15 Trends in Food Stamp Expenditures, Selected Years 1962 – 1999

  Total Federal Cost   Administration 1   Average Monthly Benefit per Person
Fiscal Year Current Dollars [In millions] 1999 Dollars 3[In millions] Benefits 2 (Federal) In millions] Federal [In millions] State & Local [In millions] Total Cost [In millions] Current Dollars 1999 Dollars 3
1962....................... 241 4 1,220 240 4 1 NA 241 7.70 39.00
1965....................... 261 4 1,274 259 4 2 NA 261 6.40 31.20
1970....................... 866 4 3,549 839 4 27 20 886 10.60 43.40
1971....................... 1,897 4 7,440 1,844 4 53 40 1,937 13.50 52.90
1972 5..................... 2,182 4 8,264 2,109 4 73 55 2,237 13.50 51.10
1973....................... 2,466 4 8,970 2,386 4 80 60 2,526 14.60 53.10
1974....................... 3,378 4 11,317 3,254 4 124 95 3,473 17.00 57.00
1975 6..................... 5,074 4 15,494 4,836 4 238 180 5,254 19.60 59.80
1976....................... 5,659 4 16,176 5,294 4 365 275 5,934 23.90 68.30
1977....................... 5,475 4 14,566 5,073 4 402 300 5,775 24.00 63.90
1978....................... 5,558 4 13,875 5,124 4 434 325 5,883 25.70 64.20
1979 7..................... 7,000 4 16,067 6,485 4 515 388 7,388 30.10 69.10
1980....................... 9,258 4 19,105 8,755 4 503 375 9,633 34.30 70.80
1981....................... 11,402 4 21,394 10,724 4 678 504 11,906 39.50 74.10
1982 9..................... 11,140 4 19,530 10,431 4 709 557 11,697 39.00 68.40
1983 9..................... 12,731 4 21,348 11,953 4 778 612 13,343 43.10 72.30
1984 9..................... 12,446 20,018 11,475 971 8 805 13,251 42.90 69.00
1985 9..................... 12,573 19,520 11,530 1,043 871 13,444 45.10 70.00
1986 9..................... 12,510 18,943 11,397 1,113 935 13,445 45.60 69.00
1987 9..................... 12,512 18,423 11,317 1,195 996 13,508 45.90 67.60
1988 9..................... 13,281 18,787 11,991 1,290 1,080 14,361 49.90 70.60
1989 9..................... 13,904 18,769 12,572 1,332 1,101 15,005 51.90 70.10
1990 9..................... 16,503 21,221 15,081 1,422 1,174 17,677 59.00 75.90
1991 9..................... 19,790 24,225 18,274 1,516 1,247 21,037 63.90 78.20
1992 9..................... 23,535 27,961 21,879 1,656 1,375 24,910 68.70 81.60
1993 9..................... 24,733 28,525 23,017 1,716 1,572 26,305 68.00 78.40
1994 9..................... 25,587 28,748 23,798 1,789 1,643 27,230 69.00 77.50
1995 9..................... 25,776 28,177 23,859 1,917 1,748 27,524 71.40 78.00
1996 9..................... 25,527 27,152 23,543 1,984 1,842 27,369 73.50 78.20
1997 9..................... 22,661 23,469 20,692 1,969 1,904 24,565 71.30 73.80
1998 9..................... 20,097 20,481 18,055 2,042 1,989 22,086 71.30 72.50
1999 9..................... NA NA 16,959 1,923 NA NA 72.20 72.20

1 Amounts include the Federal share of state administrative and employment and training costs (including administrative costs of Puerto Rico's block grant) and certain direct Federal administrative costs. They do not generally include approximately $60 million in food-stamp related federal administrative costs budgeted under a separate appropriation account (although estimates prior to 1989 do include estimates of food stamp related Federal administrative expenses paid out of other Agriculture Department accounts). State and local costs are estimated based on the known Federal shares and represent an estimate of all administrative expenses of participating states (including Puerto Rico).
2 Benefit costs include the Food Stamp Program and Puerto Rico's nutritional assistance program and are based on unpublished data from the USDA, Food and Nutrition Service, National Data Bank (see Table A-17).
3 Constant dollar adjustments to 1999 level were made using a CPI-U-X1 fiscal year average price index.
4 From 1962 to 1983 total Federal cost includes the cost of the family food assistance program (FFAP) which was largely replaced by the Food Stamp program in 1975. The FFAP amounts for the seven years shown from 1962 to 1974 were: $227, $227, $289, $321, $312, $255, and $205 (in millions). The average amount for the period for 1975 to 1983 was $32 million with the highest year being 1981 at $94 million.
5 The first fiscal year in which benefit and eligibility rules were, by law, nationally uniform and indexed for inflation.
6 The first fiscal year in which food stamps were available nationwide.
7 The fiscal year in which the food stamp purchase requirement was eliminated, on a phased in basis.
8 Beginning 1984 USDA took over from DHHS the administrative cost of certifying public assistance households for food stamps.
9 Includes funding for Puerto Rico's nutrition assistance grant; earlier years beginning in 1975 include funding for Puerto Rico under the regular food stamp program. Average benefit figures do not reflect the lower benefits in Puerto Rico under its nutrition assistance program.
Source: USDA, Food and Nutrition Service, unpublished data from the National Data Bank; and the 1998 Green Book.

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