Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2000. Table A-1. Trends in AFDC/TANF Enrollments, 1962 – 1998

03/01/2000

  Average Monthly Number (In thousands) Children as a Percent of Total Recipients Average Number of Children per Family
Fiscal Year Total Families 1 Total Recipients Unemployed Parent Families Unemployed Parent Recipients Total Children
1962........... 924 3,593 49 224 2,778 77.3 3.0
1963........... 950 3,834 54 291 2,896 75.5 3.0
1964........... 984 4,059 60 343 3,043 75.0 3.1
1965........... 1,037 4,323 69 400 3,242 75.0 3.1
1966........... 1,074 4,472 62 361 3,369 75.3 3.1
1967........... 1,141 4,718 58 340 3,561 75.5 3.1
1968........... 1,307 5,348 67 377 4,011 75.0 3.1
1969........... 1,538 6,147 66 361 4,591 74.7 3.0
1970........... 1,909 7,429 78 420 5,494 74.0 2.9
1971........... 2,532 9,556 143 726 6,963 72.9 2.8
1972........... 2,918 10,632 134 639 7,698 72.4 2.6
1973........... 3,124 11,038 120 557 7,965 72.2 2.5
1974........... 3,170 10,845 95 434 7,824 72.1 2.5
1975........... 3,357 11,067 101 451 7,928 71.6 2.4
1976........... 3,575 11,339 135 593 8,156 71.9 2.3
1977........... 3,593 11,108 149 659 7,818 70.4 2.2
1978........... 3,539 10,663 128 567 7,475 70.1 2.1
1979........... 3,496 10,311 114 506 7,193 69.8 2.1
1980........... 3,642 10,597 141 612 7,320 69.1 2.0
1981........... 3,871 11,160 209 881 7,615 68.2 2.0
1982........... 3,569 10,431 232 976 6,975 66.9 2.0
1983........... 3,651 10,659 272 1,144 7,051 66.1 1.9
1984........... 3,725 10,866 287 1,222 7,153 65.8 1.9
1985........... 3,692 10,813 261 1,131 7,165 66.3 1.9
1986........... 3,748 10,995 254 1,102 7,300 66.4 1.9
1987........... 3,784 11,065 236 1,035 7,381 66.7 2.0
1988........... 3,748 10,920 210 929 7,325 67.1 2.0
1989........... 3,771 10,935 193 856 7,370 67.4 2.0
1990........... 3,974 11,460 204 899 7,755 67.7 2.0
1991........... 4,374 12,592 268 1,148 8,513 67.6 1.9
1992........... 4,768 13,625 322 1,348 9,226 67.7 1.9
1993........... 4,981 14,143 359 1,489 9,560 67.6 1.9
1994........... 5,046 14,226 363 1,510 9,611 67.6 1.9
1995........... 4,879 13,659 335 1,384 9,280 67.9 1.9
1996........... 4,552 12,644 301 1,241 8,671 68.6 1.9
1997 2......... 3,947 10,954 275 3 1,158 3 7,781 3 71.0 3 2.0 3
1998........... 3,179 8,770 179 753 4 6,330 72.2 2.0

1 Includes unemployed parent families.
2 The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 repealed the AFDC program as of July 1, 1997 and replaced it with the Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) program.
3 Based on data from the old AFDC reporting system which was available only for the first 9 months of the fiscal year.
4 Estimated based on the ratio of Unemployed Parent recipients to Unemployed Parent families in 1997.
Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, (Available online at http://www.acf.dhhs.gov/).

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