Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2000. SSI Program Data

03/01/2000

The following set of tables and figures provide SSI program data:

  • Tables A-20 through A-23 present national caseload and expenditure trend data on the SSI program;
  • Figures A-6 and A-7 present some demographic characteristics of the SSI caseload; and
  • Tables A-24 through A-26 present some state-by-state trend data on the SSI program through fiscal year 1996.

Table A-20 presents information on the number of persons receiving SSI payments in December of each year from 1974 through 1998.  In addition to data on the total number of SSI recipients, Table A-20 also shows recipients by eligibility category (aged, blind and disabled) and by type of recipient (child, adult age 18-64, and adult age 65 or older).  See also Table IND 9a and Table IND 9b in Chapter II for further data on trends in recipiency and participation rates.

From 1990 to 1995, the program increased from 4.8 million beneficiaries to 6.5 million beneficiaries, an average growth rate of over 6 percent per year.  Since 1995, the number of beneficiaries has stabilized, fluctuating between 6.5 and 6.6 million persons.  In December 1998, there were 6.6 million beneficiaries.

The composition of the SSI caseload has been shifting over time, as shown in Table A-20.  The number of beneficiaries eligible because of age has been declining steadily, from a high of 2.3 million persons in December 1975 to 1.3 million persons in December 1998.  At the same time there has been a strong growth in disabled beneficiaries, from 1.6 million in December 1974 to 5.1 million in December 1998.  Moreover, the number of disabled children has increased dramatically, particularly in the 1990s, when the number of disabled children receiving SSI increased from 340,000 in December 1990 to over 1 million in December 1996.  The number of disabled children has fallen in the past two years, declining to 928,000 in December 1998.

Several factors have contributed to the growth of the Supplemental Security Income program.  Expansions in disability eligibility (particularly for mentally impaired adults and for children), increased outreach, overall growth in immigration, and transfers from state programs were among the key factors identified in a 1995 study by the General Accounting Office (GAO).  GAO concluded that three groups – adults with mental impairments, children, and non-citizens – accounted for nearly 90 percent of the SSI program's growth in the early 1990s: adults with mental impairments, non-citizens, and children.  The growth in disabled children beneficiaries is generally believed to be due to outreach activities, the Supreme Court decision in the Zebley case 4 , expansion of the medical impairment category, and reduction in reviews of continuing eligibility.

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"Title" (pdf, 19.99Kb)

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"Table of Contents, Executive Summary" (pdf, 33.35Kb)

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"Chapter I. Introduction" (pdf, 51.31Kb)

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"Chapter II . Indicators of Dependence" (pdf, 159.54Kb)

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"Chapter III. Predictors and Risk Factors Associated with Welfare Receipt" (pdf, 228.15Kb)

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"Appendix A. Program Data" (pdf, 35.33Kb)

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"Figure A-1" (pdf, 10.47Kb)

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"Figure A-2" (pdf, 15.82Kb)

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"Figure A-3" (pdf, 7.7Kb)

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"Figure A-4" (pdf, 4.97Kb)

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"Figure A-5" (pdf, 16.89Kb)

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"Figure A-6, Figure A-7" (pdf, 19.93Kb)

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"Table A-1" (pdf, 14.74Kb)

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"Table A-2" (pdf, 7.44Kb)

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"Table A-3" (pdf, 15.96Kb)

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"Table A-4" (pdf, 7.43Kb)

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"Table A-5" (pdf, 7.41Kb)

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"Table A-6" (pdf, 6.9Kb)

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"Table A-7" (pdf, 10.04Kb)

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"Table A-8" (pdf, 9.61Kb)

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"Table A-9" (pdf, 14.36Kb)

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"Table A-10" (pdf, 11.91Kb)

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"Table A-11" (pdf, 14.18Kb)

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"Table A-12" (pdf, 14.49Kb)

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"Table A-13" (pdf, 13.97Kb)

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"Table A-14" (pdf, 11.6Kb)

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"Table A-15" (pdf, 13.55Kb)

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"Table A-16" (pdf, 5.17Kb)

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"Table A-17" (pdf, 11.18Kb)

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"Table A-18" (pdf, 14.37Kb)

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"Table A-19" (pdf, 14.33Kb)

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"Table A-20" (pdf, 5.17Kb)

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"Table A-21" (pdf, 6.75Kb)

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"Table A-22" (pdf, 8.76Kb)

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"Table A-23" (pdf, 7.56Kb)

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"Table A-24" (pdf, 10.76Kb)

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"Table A-25" (pdf, 13.16Kb)

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"Table A-26" (pdf, 10.87Kb)

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"Table B-1" (pdf, 9.97Kb)

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