Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2000. Indicator 7. Multiple Program Receipt

03/01/2000

Figure IND 7. Percentage of Population Receiving Assistance from One, Two or Three Programs (AFDC, Food Stamps, SSI), by Age: 1995

Figure IND 7. Percentage of Population Receiving Assistance from One, Two or Three Programs (AFDC, Food Stamps, SSI), by Age: 1995

Source: Unpublished data from the SIPP, 1993 panel.


  • The 10.7 percent of the population who received AFDC, food stamp, or SSI benefits in an average month include 5.5 percent who got benefits from one of the programs, 5.0 percent who received two types of assistance, and 0.2 percent with benefits from all three programs.
  • As shown in Table IND 7a, the most common patterns of benefit receipt are receipt of both food stamps and AFDC (4.3 percent) and receipt of food stamp benefits only (3.9 percent). The least common are receiving AFDC and SSI or participating in all three programs.
  • Children have higher recipiency rates than the population as a whole. Over one-fifth of children under 6, for example, receive AFDC, food stamps, or SSI, with most of these children (13 percent) receiving a combined package of AFDC and food stamp benefits, as shown in Table IND 7a. Most of the remaining children (8 percent) receive food stamps only.
  • There has been a slight upward trend in receipt of SSI over time, either alone, or in combination with food stamps, as shown in Table IND 7b.

Table IND 7a. Percentage of Population Receiving Assistance from One, Two or Three Programs (AFDC, Food Stamps, SSI), by Race and Age: 1995.

  Any Receipt One Program Only Two Programs All Three Programs
  AFDC, FS OR SSI AFDC FS SSI AFDC & FS AFDC & SSI FS & SSI AFDC, FS & SSI
All Persons 10.7 0.5 3.9 1.1 4.3 N/A 0.7 0.2
Racial Categories                
Non-Hispanic White 7.9 0.3 3.3 0.9 2.7 N/A 0.5 0.1
Non-Hispanic Black 27.2 1.4 8.1 2.5 12.8 0.1 1.7 0.6
Hispanic 23.4 1.0 8.9 1.4 10.6 N/A 1.1 0.4
Age Categories                
Children Ages 0 - 5 21.4 1.1 7.7 0.0 12.5 N/A N/A N/A
Children Ages 6 - 10 21.1 1.5 7.4 0.0 12.2 N/A N/A N/A
Children Ages 11 - 15 16.5 0.8 6.4 0.0 9.3 N/A N/A N/A
Women Ages 16 - 64 10.5 0.5 3.5 1.3 3.8 N/A 0.9 0.5
Men Ages 16 - 64 5.3 0.1 2.7 1.1 0.9 N/A 0.4 N/A
Adults Age 65 and over 6.9 0.1 1.6 3.0 N/A N/A 2.2 N/A

See below for notes and source.


Table IND 7b. Percentage of Population Receiving Assistance from One, Two or Three Programs (AFDC, Food Stamps, SSI): Selected Years

  Any Receipt One Program Only Two Programs All Three Programs
  AFDC, FS, OR SSI AFDC FS SSI AFDC & FS AFDC & SSI FS & SSI AFDC, FS, & SSI
1987 8.7 0.5 3.5 1.0 3.2 N/A 0.5 0.1
1988 8.3 0.3 3.3 1.0 3.1 N/A 0.5 0.1
1990 8.3 0.4 3.0 1.0 3.4 N/A 0.5 0.1
1991 8.9 0.4 3.3 1.0 3.7 N/A 0.5 0.1
1992 10.0 0.3 3.8 1.1 4.0 N/A 0.6 0.1
1993 11.4 0.4 4.4 1.1 4.8 N/A 0.7 0.2
1994 11.2 0.4 4.3 1.1 4.6 N/A 0.7 0.2
1995 10.7 0.5 3.9 1.1 4.3 N/A 0.7 0.2

Note: Categories are mutually exclusive. SSI receipt based on individual receipt; AFDC and food stamp receipt based on family receipt. Although individuals may not receive both AFDC and SSI, an SSI recipient may be in a family where other members receive AFDC Benefits. For certain categories, data are not available (N/A) because of insufficient sample size and because SSI recipiency data are not available for children. Because full calendar year data for 1995 were not available for all SIPP respondents, 1995 estimates are based on a weighting adjustment to account for those who were not interviewed for the entire year. Percentage receiving assistance from any one program in average month (shown here) is lower than percentage receiving any assistance over course of year (shown in Table SUM 1 in Chapter I).

Source: Unpublished data from the SIPP, 1987, 1990, 1992, and 1993 panels.

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