Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2000. Indicator 6. Long-term Receipt

03/01/2000

Figure IND 6. Percentage of AFDC Recipients in 1982, by Years of Receipt: 1982-91

Figure IND 6. Percentage of AFDC Recipients in 1982, by Years of Receipt: 1982-91

Source: Unpublished data from the PSID, 1983 - 1992


  • Among all AFDC recipients in 1982, almost half (47 percent) received assistance for only one or two years between 1982 and 1991. Over one quarter (28 percent) received AFDC and/or food stamps for 3 to 5 years, and about one quarter (26 percent) received AFDC for more than 5 years. Similar patterns were evident for recipients in 1972, as can be seen in the lower half of Table IND 6.
  • As shown in Table IND 6, compared to non-black recipients, a smaller percentage of black recipients received AFDC for only 1 to 2 years while a larger percentage received benefits for more than 5 years in both ten-year time periods.
  • As further shown in Table IND 6, a smaller percentage of child recipients experienced shortterm receipt and a larger percentage experienced longer-term receipt in both time periods relative to the percentages for all recipients.
  • Whereas over half (53 percent) of recipients received at least some AFDC for three or more years between 1982 and 1991 (as shown in Figure IND 6), only 28 percent of recipients received more than 50 percent of their income from AFDC and food stamps for three or more years over the same time period (as previously shown in Figure IND 1b).

Table IND 6. Percentage of AFDC Recipients, by Years of Receipt, Race, and Age

Between 1982 and 1991:
All Recipients
  All Recipients Black Non-Black
1 - 2 Years 47 37 53
3 - 5 Years 28 27 28
6 - 8 Years 15 19 12
9 - 10 Years 11 17 6
Children 0 - 5 in 1982
  All Child Recipients Black Children Non-Black Children
1 - 2 Years 34 28 39
3 - 5 Years 29 28 30
6 - 8 Years 17 16 19
9 - 10 Years 20 29 13
Between 1972 and 1981:      
All Recipients
  All Recipients Black Non-Black
1 - 2 Years 49 32 59
3 - 5 Years 28 34 25
6 - 8 Years 13 19 9
9 - 10 Years 11 15 8
Children 0 - 5 in 1972
  All Child Recipients Black Children Non-Black Children
1 - 2 Years 37 24 46
3 - 5 Years 29 31 27
6 - 8 Years 15 23 10
9 - 10 Years 19 23 17

Note: The base for percentages is recipients in a one-year time period, defined as individuals receiving at least $1 of AFDC in the first year (1982 or 1972). Child recipients are defined by age in the first year. This measures years of receipt over the specified ten-year time periods, and does not take into account years of receipt that may have occurred before the initial year (1972 or 1982).

Source: Unpublished data from the PSID, 1973 - 1992.

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