Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 2000. Employment and Work-related Risk Factor 7. Child CARE Expenditures

03/01/2000

Figure WORK 7. Percentage of Monthly Income Spent on Child Care for Preschoolers by Families with Employed Mothers: 1993

Figure WORK 7. Percentage of Monthly Income Spent on Child Care for Preschoolers by Families with Employed Mothers: 1993

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, “What Does It Cost to Mind Our Preschoolers,” Current Population Reports, Series P70-52, 1995.


  • Poor families with employed mothers of preschoolers spent a much larger percentage of their monthly family income on child care in 1993 relative to non-poor families with employed mothers (18 percent compared to 7 percent).
  • As shown in Table WORK 7, employed single mothers (no husband present) spent a larger percentage of their monthly family income on child care expenses than did employed married mothers (12 percent compared to 7 percent).
  • Employed mothers who received assistance from AFDC, WIC or food stamps spent a larger percentage of their total monthly family income on child care relative to non-recipients (13 percent compared to 7 percent). Among recipients of these programs, AFDC recipients spent the largest percentage (17 percent) of their monthly family income on child care, as shown in Table WORK 7.

Table WORK 7. Percentage of Monthly Income Spent on Child Care for Preschoolers by Families with Employed Mothers, by Selected Characteristics: 1993

All Families 7.6
Racial Categories  
Non-Hispanic White 7.4
Non-Hispanic Black 8.5
Hispanic 9.0
Marital Status  
Married, Husband Present 7.0
Widowed, Separated, Divorced 12.3
Never Married 12.5
Poverty Status  
Poor 17.7
Non-Poor 7.3
Program Participation  
Recipients 12.8
AFDC 17.1
WIC 12.3
Food Stamps 14.6
Non-Recipients 7.3

Note: Non-recipients are those in families not receiving AFDC, general assistance, food stamps or WIC.

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, “What Does It Cost to Mind Our Preschoolers,” Current Population Reports, Series P70-52, 1995.

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