Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 1998. Teen Behavior Risk Factor 6. Detached Youth

10/01/1998

Teens who are neither in school nor working are likely to be at significant risk of dependence.

Figure TEEN 6. Percentage of Youths Ages 16 to 19 Who Were Neither in School Nor Working by Race, 1985 to 1996

Figure TEEN 6. Percentage of Youths Ages 16 to 19 Who Were Neither in School Nor Working by Race, 1985 to 1996

Source: Table TEEN 6.


  • Black and Hispanic youths ages 16 to 19 are more likely than white youths to be neither in school nor working. In 1996, for example, Hispanic youths were twice as likely as white youths to be out of school and work, 16 percent compared to 8 percent.
  • In 1975, 12 percent of all youths ages 16 to 19 were neither in school nor working, as shown in Table TEEN 6. This percentage has gradually declined since then, reaching 9percent in 1996.
  • The percentage of female youths who are neither in school nor working in 1996 was higher (11 percent) than the comparable percentage (8 percent) of male youths.

Table TEEN 6. Percentage of Youths Ages 16 to 19 Who Were Neither in School Nor Working, 1975 to 1996

  1975 1985 1990 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996
Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, Trends in the Well-Being of America’s Children and Youth: 1998. Table ES 3.6.
All Youths 12 11 10 10 9 10 9 9
Male   9 8 8 8 8 8 8
Female   13 12 12 11 11 11 11
Racial Categories
White   10 9 9 8 9 8 8
Black   18 15 17 15 14 15 14
Hispanic   17 17 16 16 17 16 16

 

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"Indicators of Dependence" (pdf, 152.45Kb)

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"Predictors and Risk Factors Associated with Welfare Receipt (First Half)" (pdf, 158.1Kb)

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