Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 1998. Teen Behavior Risk Factor 5. Never-married Family Status

10/01/1998

This measure complements the measures of nonmarital births by showing the “stock” of children living with never-married women. Children living with never-married women are at increased risk of dependence.

Figure TEEN 5. Percentage of all Children Living in Families Headed by Never- Married Women, 1983 to 1997

Figure TEEN 5. Percentage of all Children Living in Families Headed by Never- Married Women, 1983 to 1997

Source: Table TEEN 5.


  • The percentage of children living with never-married women increased from 5 percent in 1983 to 9 percent in 1997. This increase reflects growth across all racial categories, as shown in Figure TEEN 5.
  • A very small percentage (2 percent) of white children were living in families headed by never-married women in 1983. Although this percentage increased by 150 percent over the time period, the percentage of white children in families headed by never-married women was still relatively small (5 percent) in 1997.
  • The percentage of black children living in families headed by never-married women was much higher than the percentages for other groups throughout the time period. In 1997, for example, 31 percent of black children, compared to 12 percent of Hispanic children and 5 percent of white children, lived in families headed by never-married women.

Table TEEN 5. Percentage of all Children Living in Families Headed by Never-Married Women, 1983 to 1997

Year All White Black Hispanic

Note: Data are for all children under 18 who are not family heads.

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, "Marital Status and Living Arrangements," Current Population Reports, Series P20-399, 418, 433, 450, 468, 484, 491, 496, and 505, various years.

1983 5.2 1.9 23.5 6.5
1984 5.2 1.9 23.9 6.5
1986 5.9 2.4 26.6 7.2
1988 7.0 3.0 30.4 9.2
1990 7.0 3.0 29.6 8.7
1992 8.4 3.9 33.1 10.3
1994 9.0 4.5 32.9 12.0
1995 8.7 4.3 32.3 10.8
1996 9.0 4.6 31.2 11.3
1997 9.3 5.0 31.4 11.8

 

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"Introduction" (pdf, 47.84Kb)

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"Indicators of Dependence" (pdf, 152.45Kb)

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"Predictors and Risk Factors Associated with Welfare Receipt (First Half)" (pdf, 158.1Kb)

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