Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 1998. Indicator 7. Multiple Program Receipt

10/01/1998

Data on multiple program receipt illustrates the nature of means-tested assistance “packages” and one aspect of the depth of dependence.

Figure IND 7. Percentage of Individuals in AFDC Families Receiving Other Assistance, 1994

Figure IND 7. Percentage of Individuals in AFDC Families Receiving Other Assistance, 1994

Source: Table IND 7.


  • The vast majority of the AFDC population receives AFDC benefits in combination with Food Stamps, SSI, or both Food Stamps and SSI. Only about 8 percent received AFDC benefits without other means-tested assistance in 1994, as shown in Figure IND 7.
  • The most common pattern of multiple program receipt in 1994, found among 89 percent of the AFDC population, was to receive both AFDC and Food Stamps. An additional 3 percent received AFDC, Food Stamps, and SSI. Finally, less than one-half percent received AFDC and SSI, but not Food Stamps. (Note that individuals may not receive both AFDC and SSI; however, a SSI recipient may be in a family where other members receive AFDC benefits.)
  • Over time, the proportion of AFDC recipients also receiving Food Stamps has been constant varying only between 88 and 90 percent.

Table IND 7. Percentage of Individuals in AFDC Families Receiving Assistance from Other Programs

  AFDC and Food Stamps Only AFDC and SSI Only
  1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
All Recipients 88.4 88.6 89.6 89.9 88.8 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.3
Racial Categories                    
Non-Hispanic White 86.8 87.9 88.2 88.2 86.3 0.3 0.5 1.4 0.2 0.3
Non-Hispanic Black 88.3 87.0 90.1 90.6 89.8 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.4
Hispanic 91.0 92.3 90.1 91.4 89.1 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.0 0.3
Age Categories                    
Children Age 0-5 90.7 89.7 92.3 93.1 93.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Children Age 6-10 91.5 93.4 92.5 94.3 92.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Children Age 11-15 92.0 92.1 94.5 93.2 92.2 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0
Women Age 16-64 84.9 85.0 85.8 84.5 82.4 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.6 0.7
Men Age 16-64 85.1 84.6 83.4 86.4 84.9 0.4 1.1 1.1 0.2 0.3
  AFDC, SSIand Food Stamps AFDC Only
  1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994

Note: Categories are mutually exclusive. Individuals may not receive both AFDC and SSI; however, an SSI recipient may be in a family where other members receive AFDC benefits.

Source: Unpublished data from the SIPP, 1990, 1992, 1993 panels.

All Recipients 1.7 1.9 2.4 2.9 3.2 9.5 9.1 7.6 7.0 7.7
Racial Categories                    
Non-Hispanic White 1.9 1.7 2.6 3.4 3.7 11.0 9.9 7.8 8.3 9.7
Non-Hispanic Black 1.7 2.4 2.7 2.8 3.2 9.6 10.1 6.5 6.2 6.7
Hispanic 1.3 1.6 1.5 2.2 2.8 7.6 6.0 8.0 6.4 7.7
Age Categories                    
Children Age 0-5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 9.3 10.3 7.7 6.9 6.3
Children Age 6-10 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 8.5 6.6 7.5 5.7 7.6
Children Age 11-15 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.2 8.0 7.7 5.3 6.7 7.7
Women Age 16-64 4.1 4.6 5.8 7.8 8.9 10.3 9.6 7.6 7.2 8.0
Men Age 16-64 4.4 5.2 4.7 3.8 3.4 10.1 9.1 10.8 9.6 11.3

 

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