Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 1998. Indicator 6. Long-term Receipt

10/01/1998

Lifetime welfare receipt often occurs in more than one episode. Indicators that measure the duration of receipt over a lifetime further reflect the depth of dependence.

Figure IND 6. Percentage of AFDC Recipients with Long-Term Receipt, 1982 – 1991

Figure IND 6. Percentage of AFDC Recipients with Long-Term Receipt, 1982 – 1991

Source: Table IND 6.


Between 1982 and 1991, almost half of all recipients received AFDC in only one or two years (47 percent) and only about one-fifth of all recipients received AFDC for 9 to 10 years (11 percent). Table IND 6 shows that this was also true between 1972 and 1981 (49 percent and 11 percent respectively).

As shown in Table IND 6, compared to non-black recipients, a smaller percentage of black recipients received AFDC for only 1 to 2 years while a larger percentage received AFDC for 9 to 10 years in both ten-year time periods.

As further shown in Table IND 6, a smaller percentage of child recipients experienced shortterm receipt and a larger percentage experienced longer-term receipt in both time periods relative to the percentages for all recipients.

Table IND 6. Percentage of AFDC Recipients with Long-Term Receipt

  All Recipients 1982 - 1991
Cumulative Years All Recipients Black Non-Black
1 - 2 Years 47 37 53
3 - 5 Years 28 27 28
6 - 8 Years 15 19 12
9 - 10 Years 11 17 6
  Children 0 - 5 in 1982: 1982-1991
Cumulative Years All Child Recipients Black Children Non-Black Children
1 - 2 Years 34 28 39
3 - 5 Years 29 28 30
6 - 8 Years 17 16 19
9 - 10 Years 20 29 13
  All Recipients 1972 - 1981
Cumulative Years All Recipients Black Non-Black
1 - 2 Years 49 32 59
3 - 5 Years 28 34 25
6 - 8 Years 13 19 9
9 - 10 Years 11 15 8
  Children 0 - 5 in 1972: 1972-1981
Cumulative Years All Child Recipients Black Children Non-Black Children

Note: Recipients are defined as individuals receiving at least $1 of AFDC or Food Stamps in the past year (1982 or 1972). Child recipients are defined by age in the first year.

Source: Unpublished data from the PSID, 1972 - 1991.

1 - 2 Years 37 24 46
3 - 5 Years 29 31 27
6 - 8 Years 15 23 10
9 - 10 Years 19 23 17

 

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"Introduction" (pdf, 47.84Kb)

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"Indicators of Dependence" (pdf, 152.45Kb)

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"Predictors and Risk Factors Associated with Welfare Receipt (First Half)" (pdf, 158.1Kb)

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