Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 1998. Indicator 3. Dependence Spell Duration

10/01/1998

In contrast to the indicator on duration of spells of means-tested assistance (Indicator 5), this indicator of dependence spell duration combines information on spells of receipt of means-tested assistance and paid employment.

Figure IND 3. Duration of AFDC Spells of Individuals in Families Where No One Is in the Labor Force

Figure IND 3. Duration of AFDC Spells of Individuals in Families Where No One Is in the Labor Force

Source: Table IND 3.


  • Forty-three percent of AFDC spells for individuals in families with no one in the labor force ended within a year.
  • Over one-quarter (27 percent) of AFDC spells for individuals in families where no one participated in the labor force were less than four months long.
  • As shown in Table IND 3, a smaller percentage of AFDC spells to children in families with no labor force participants ended in less than four months compared to their adult counterparts (25 percent compared to 31 percent).

Table IND 3. Percentage of AFDC Spells for Individuals with No Family Member in the Labor Force by Length of Spell

  Percent of Spells
  Spells <4 months Spells <12 months Spells <20 months Spells 20+ months

Note: Spell length categories are not mutually exclusive. Spells separated by only 1 month are not considered separate spells. Due to the length of the observation period, actual spell lengths for spells that lasted more than 20 months cannot be observed. AFDC spells are defined as those spells starting during the 1993 SIPP panel. For certain racial categories, data are not available (NA) because of insufficient sample size.

Source: Unpublished data from the SIPP, 1993 panel.

All persons 27.2 43.4 50.3 49.7
Racial Categories        
Non-Hispanic White 30.2 40.7 43.0 57.0
Non-Hispanic Black 17.4 45.6 NA NA
Hispanic 33.2 NA NA NA
Age        
Children 0-15 24.7 41.9 49.1 50.9
Adults Age 16-64 30.6 45.8 51.9 48.1

 

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"Predictors and Risk Factors Associated with Welfare Receipt (First Half)" (pdf, 158.1Kb)

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