Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 1998. Indicator 12. Intergenerational Dependence

10/01/1998

Another key aspect of dependence is the extent to which parental receipt of means-tested assistance is associated with receipt by their children when the children become adults.

Figure IND 12. Percentage of Youth Recipients (14 to 16) and Youth Non-Recipients (14 to 16) who Received Three Years of Benefits as Adults (25 to 27)

Figure IND 12. Percentage of Youth Recipients (14 to 16) and Youth Non-Recipients (14 to 16) who Received Three Years of Benefits as Adults (25 to 27)

Source: Table IND 12.


  • Individuals who receive AFDC or Food Stamps as children are more likely to receive benefits as adults, as shown in Figure IND 12. Almost one-third (31 percent) of women who received AFDC or Food Stamps in childhood between the ages of 14 and 16 also received AFDC or Food Stamps at ages 25, 26 and 27. In comparison, only 5 percent of women who did not receive AFDC or Food Stamps as youths received three years of benefits as adults.
  • The same relationship exists among men, although they have lower rates of receipt of means-tested assistance. As shown in Table IND 12, 14 percent of men who received AFDC or Food Stamps between the ages of 14 and 15 also received three years of benefits in adulthood and a much lower percentage – 2 percent – of men who did not receive AFDC or Food Stamps as youths received benefits at age 25, 26, and 27.
  • As shown in Table IND 12, 61 percent of women and 32 percent of men who received AFDC or Food Stamps between the ages of 14 and 16 also received AFDC or Food Stamp benefits in at least one year as adults between the ages of 25 and 27. These percentages are much larger than those for men and women who received benefits as children between the ages of 14 and 16 and received benefits as adults in all three years from age 25 to 27 (31 percent for women and 14 percent for men).

Table IND 12. Association of Benefit Receipt as Youth (14 to 16) with Benefit Receipt as Adults (25 to 27)

  Females born 1960 - 1964 Males born 1960 - 1964

Note: Receipt of AFDC or Food Stamps in a year refers to any amount at any point during the year.

Source: Unpublished data from the PSID, 1974 - 1992.

Percent who did not receive AFDC or Food Stamps between the ages of 14 and 16 who received AFDC or Food Stamps in all 3 years from age 25 to 27. 5.2 2.3
Percent who received AFDC or Food Stamps for all 3 years between the ages of 14 and 16 who also received AFDC or Food Stamps in all 3 years from age 25 to 27. 30.8 13.5
Percent who did not receive AFDC or Food Stamps between the ages of 14 and 16 who received AFDC or Food Stamps in at least 1 year from age 25 to 27. 10.0 8.5
Percent who received AFDC or Food Stamps for all 3 years between the ages of 14 and 16 who received AFDC or Food Stamps in at least 1 year from age 25 to 27. 61.3 31.8

 

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