Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 1998. Indicator 11. Means-tested Assistance Program Transition Rates

10/01/1998

This indicator shows how many people have moved onto means-tested assistance programs and how many recipients have moved off means-tested assistance programs.

Figure IND 11a. Percentage of Non-Recipients Moving on to Assistance from 1993 to 1994

Figure IND 11a. Percentage of Non-Recipients Moving on to Assistance from 1993 to 1994

Figure IND 11b. Percentage of Recipients Moving off Assistance from 1993 to 1994

Figure IND 11b. Percentage of Recipients Moving off Assistance from 1993 to 1994

Source: Unpublished data from the SIPP, 1993 panel.


  • As shown in Figure IND 11a, only a small percentage of individuals who did not receive AFDC in 1993 began receiving AFDC benefits in 1994 (1 percent). In comparison, the percentage of non-recipients who began receiving Food Stamps in 1994 was slightly higher (2 percent) and the percentage of non-recipients who began receiving SSI in 1994 was lower (less than 1 percent).
  • As shown in Figure IND 11b, 18 percent of AFDC recipients in 1993 moved off AFDC in 1994. Similarly, 17 percent of Food Stamp recipients in 1993 were no longer receiving Food Stamp benefits in 1994. In contrast, only 9 percent of individuals who received SSI in 1993 left the SSI program in 1994.
  • Non-Hispanic whites are somewhat less likely to move from non-assistance to assistance than non-Hispanic blacks and Hispanics, as shown in Table IND 11. For example, while only 1 percent of non-Hispanic white individuals who did not receive AFDC in 1993 began receiving AFDC benefits in 1994, the corresponding percentages for non-Hispanic blacks and Hispanics were somewhat higher (3 percent).
  • As shown in Table IND 11, a much higher percentage of Hispanic AFDC recipients in 1993 exited AFDC in 1994 (25 percent) compared to both non-Hispanic whites and non-Hispanic blacks (17 percent and 12 percent, respectively).
  • As further shown in Table IND 11, men are much more likely to move off AFDC and Food Stamps than are women. For example, while 18 percent of women who received AFDC in 1993 were no longer receiving AFDC benefits in 1994, 33 percent of men who received AFDC in 1993 left the AFDC program in 1994.

Table IND 11. Means-Tested Assistance Program Transition Rates, 1993 to 1994

  Number andPercentage of Non-RecipientsMoving onto Assistance
  Non-AFDC to AFDC Non-FS to FS Non-SSI to SSI
  Number (thousands) Percent Number (thousands) Percent Number (thousands) Percent
All Persons 2215 1.0 3878 1.8 702 0.3
Racial Categories
Non-Hispanic White 1159 0.6 2041 1.2 397 0.2
Non-Hispanic Black 503 3.0 922 4.7 155 0.6
Hispanic 437 2.7 734 4.3 114 0.5
Age Categories
Children Age 0 - 5 403 2.4 573 3.9 0 0
Children Age 6 - 10 313 1.9 518 3.6 0 0
Children Age 11 - 15 348 2.1 361 2.4 0 0
Women Age 16 - 64 780 1.0 1299 1.8 415 0.5
Men Age 16 – 64 343 0.4 982 1.3 264 0.3
Adults Age 65 and over 28 0.1 145 0.6 23 0.1
  Number and Percentage of RecipientsMoving off Assistance
  AFDC to Non-AFDC FS to Non-FS SSI to Non-SSI
  Number (thousands) Percent Number (thousands) Percent Number (thousands) Percent

Note: Receipt is measured by at least one month of receipt in a given year and non-receipt is measured as no months of receipt in a given year.

Source: Unpublished data from the SIPP, 1993 panel

All Persons 2799 17.5 5184 16.6 453 8.5
Racial Categories
Non-Hispanic White 1493 16.6 2999 21.5 232 8.8
Non-Hispanic Black 641 11.9 1012 11.4 162 10.7
Hispanic 583 25.0 1070 15.4 35 4.3
Age Categories
Children Age 0 - 5 610 15.3 818 13.7 0 0
Children Age 6 - 10 408 14.0 602 13.2 0 0
Children Age 11 - 15 308 14.3 464 12.6 0 0
Women Age 16 - 64 992 18.3 1796 17.6 288 12.2
Men Age 16 – 64 470 32.5 1418 26.2 118 9.3
Adults Age 65 and over 11 24.1 87 6.1 47 2.8

 

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