Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 1998. Employment and Work-related Risk Factor 6. Children's Health Conditions

10/01/1998

Health limitations may limit the labor force participation of parents and therefore illustrate a risk of dependence.

Table WORK 6. Selected Chronic Health Conditions per 1,000 Children Ages 0 to 17, 1984 to 1994

  1984 1987 1990 1992 1993 1994
Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, Trends in the Well-Being of America’s Children and Youth: 1997. Table HC 2.4.
Respiratory Conditions
Chronic Bronchitis 50 62 53 54 59 55
Chronic Sinusitis 47 58 57 69 80 65
Asthma 43 53 58 63 72 69
Chronic Diseases of Tonsils or Adenoids 34 30 23 28 26 23
Impairments
Deformity or Orthopedic Impairment 35 36 29 33 29 28
Speech Impairment 16 19 14 21 20 21
Hearing Impairment 24 16 21 15 17 18
Visual Impairment 9 10 9 10 7 9
Other Conditions
Heart Disease 23 22 19 19 20 18
Anemia 11 8 10 11 9 12
Epilepsy 7 4 4 3 5 5
  • Respiratory conditions were the most prevalent chronic health conditions experienced by children ages 0 to 17 throughout the time period, especially asthma. In 1994, 69 children per thousand had asthma, up from 43 children per thousand in 1984. The prevalence of chronic sinusitis also increased, from 47 children per thousand in 1984, to 65 children per thousand by 1994.
  • In 1994, 28 children per thousand had a deformity or orthopedic impairment, down from 35 children per thousand in 1984.

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"Introduction" (pdf, 47.84Kb)

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"Indicators of Dependence" (pdf, 152.45Kb)

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"Predictors and Risk Factors Associated with Welfare Receipt (First Half)" (pdf, 158.1Kb)

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"Appendices (First Half)" (pdf, 182.84Kb)

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"Appendices (Second Half)" (pdf, 289.7Kb)

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