Data on poverty transitions show the extent of new entries into and exits from poverty.
Figure ECON 2a. Percentage of Poor Individuals Moving out of Poverty from 1993 to 1994
Figure ECON 2b. Percentage of Non-Poor Individuals Moving into Poverty from 1993 to 1994
Source: Table ECON 2.
- As shown in Figure ECON 2a, nearly one-quarter (24 percent) of all individuals who were poor in 1993 moved out of poverty in 1994. The percentage of poor non-Hispanic whites who exited poverty in 1994 (29 percent) was larger than the corresponding percentages for non-Hispanic blacks (17 percent) and Hispanics (24 percent).
- Only 3 percent of all individuals who were above the poverty line in 1993 became poor in 1994, as shown in Figure ECON 2b. A larger percentage of Hispanic individuals who were not poor in 1993 entered poverty in 1994 (7 percent) compared to both non-Hispanic Blacks (5 percent) and non-Hispanic whites (3 percent).
- As shown in Table ECON 2, 33 percent of men age 16 to 64 who were poor in 1993 moved out of poverty in 1994, compared to only 27 percent of women age 16 to 64. Poor adults age 65 or older were even less likely to exit poverty than poor adults age 16 to 64: only 15 percent of the elderly poor population in 1993 exited poverty in 1994.
Table ECON 2. Percentage of Individuals Changing Poverty Status, 1993-1994
|Source: Unpublished data from the SIPP, 1993 panel.|
|From Poor to Non-Poor|
|All Poor Persons||23.8|
|Children Age 0 - 5||19.9|
|Children Age 6 - 10||19.2|
|Children Age 11 - 15||19.3|
|Women Age 16 - 64||26.5|
|Men Age 16 - 64||32.7|
|Adults Age 65 and over||14.9|
|From Non-Poor to Poor|
|All Non-Poor Persons||3.2|
|Children Age 0 - 5||5.0|
|Children Age 6 - 10||4.9|
|Children Age 11 - 15||3.4|
|Women Age 16 - 64||3.5|
|Men Age 16 - 64||2.6|
|Adults Age 65 and over||2.0|
"Introduction" (pdf, 47.84Kb)
"Indicators of Dependence" (pdf, 152.45Kb)
"Predictors and Risk Factors Associated with Welfare Receipt (First Half)" (pdf, 158.1Kb)
"Predictors and Risk Factors Associated with Welfare Receipt (Second Half)" (pdf, 150.06Kb)
"Appendices (First Half)" (pdf, 182.84Kb)