Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 1998. Economic Security Risk Factor 2. Poverty Transition Rates

10/01/1998

Data on poverty transitions show the extent of new entries into and exits from poverty.

Figure ECON 2a. Percentage of Poor Individuals Moving out of Poverty from 1993 to 1994

Figure ECON 2a. Percentage of Poor Individuals Moving out of Poverty from 1993 to 1994

Figure ECON 2b. Percentage of Non-Poor Individuals Moving into Poverty from 1993 to 1994

Figure ECON 2b. Percentage of Non-Poor Individuals Moving into Poverty from 1993 to 1994

Source: Table ECON 2.


  • As shown in Figure ECON 2a, nearly one-quarter (24 percent) of all individuals who were poor in 1993 moved out of poverty in 1994. The percentage of poor non-Hispanic whites who exited poverty in 1994 (29 percent) was larger than the corresponding percentages for non-Hispanic blacks (17 percent) and Hispanics (24 percent).
  • Only 3 percent of all individuals who were above the poverty line in 1993 became poor in 1994, as shown in Figure ECON 2b. A larger percentage of Hispanic individuals who were not poor in 1993 entered poverty in 1994 (7 percent) compared to both non-Hispanic Blacks (5 percent) and non-Hispanic whites (3 percent).
  • As shown in Table ECON 2, 33 percent of men age 16 to 64 who were poor in 1993 moved out of poverty in 1994, compared to only 27 percent of women age 16 to 64. Poor adults age 65 or older were even less likely to exit poverty than poor adults age 16 to 64: only 15 percent of the elderly poor population in 1993 exited poverty in 1994.

Table ECON 2. Percentage of Individuals Changing Poverty Status, 1993-1994

Source: Unpublished data from the SIPP, 1993 panel.
  From Poor to Non-Poor
All Poor Persons 23.8
Racial Categories
Non-Hispanic White 29.4
Non-Hispanic Black 17.1
Hispanic 23.6
Age Categories
Children Age 0 - 5 19.9
Children Age 6 - 10 19.2
Children Age 11 - 15 19.3
Women Age 16 - 64 26.5
Men Age 16 - 64 32.7
Adults Age 65 and over 14.9
  From Non-Poor to Poor
All Non-Poor Persons 3.2
Racial Categories
Non-Hispanic White 2.5
Non-Hispanic Black 5.4
Hispanic 7.4
Age Categories
Children Age 0 - 5 5.0
Children Age 6 - 10 4.9
Children Age 11 - 15 3.4
Women Age 16 - 64 3.5
Men Age 16 - 64 2.6
Adults Age 65 and over 2.0

 

View full report

Preview
Download

"Introduction" (pdf, 47.84Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"Indicators of Dependence" (pdf, 152.45Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"Predictors and Risk Factors Associated with Welfare Receipt (First Half)" (pdf, 158.1Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"Predictors and Risk Factors Associated with Welfare Receipt (Second Half)" (pdf, 150.06Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"Appendices (First Half)" (pdf, 182.84Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"Appendices (Second Half)" (pdf, 289.7Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®