Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 1998. Economic Security Risk Factor 12. Residential Mobility

10/01/1998

Frequent changes of residence are disruptive events for children and may increase the risk of dependence.

Figure ECON 12. Percentage of Persons and Families with Children Who Moved in a Given One-Year Period

Figure ECON 12. Percentage of Persons and Families with Children Who Moved in a Given One-Year Period

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, “Geographical Mobility,” Current Populations Reports, Series P20, Nos. 463,
473, 481, 485, 497 and 510.


  • Single-parent families with children under age 18 were much more likely to move in a year than married-couple families in each of the periods shown above.
  • Residential mobility for all persons age 1 year and older remained essentially unchanged, dropping only one percentage point from 17 percent to 16 percent over the period as the economy recovered from the recession in the early 1990s.
  • Female-headed families with children were much more likely to move in a year than marriedcouple families with children, in each of the one-year periods shown.
  • Residential mobility decreased one percentage point every two years for children age 1 to 14 from 1987 - 1988 to 1993 - 1994.
  • Residential mobility for adults age 25 and above remained essentially unchanged, dropping only one percentage point over this period.

Table ECON 12. Number and Percentage of Individuals and Families Who Moved in a Given One-Year Period, Selected Years

  1990-91 1991-92 1992-93 1993-94 1995-96 1996-97

Note: Residential mobility measures the percent of individual over age 1 who changed houses between March of the first year and March of the next year. The mobility of married-couple and female single-parent families is the percent of householders age 15 to 54 with own children under 18 who changed houses.

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, “Geographical Mobility,” Current Populations Reports, Series P20, Nos. 463, 473, 481, 485, 497 and 510.

  Number Moving (in millions)
Total Population 1 year and older 41.5 42.8 42.0 42.8 42.5 42.1
Persons 25 years and over 32.3 33.2 33.0 33.6 32.2 NA
All Families with Children            
    Age 1-4 years 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.9 3.7
    Age 5-9 years 3.3 3.3 3.1 3.3 3.6 3.8
    Age 10-14 years 2.5 2.8 2.5 2.5 2.8 2.9
Married Couples with Children            
    Under 18 years 3.7 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
    Under 6 years 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.3
Single Parents with Children            
    Under 18 years 2.3 2.5 2.3 2.5 2.4 2.6
    Under 6 years 0.8 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.9
  Percent Moving
Total Population 1 year and older 17.0 17.3 16.8 16.7 16.3 16.0
Persons 25 years and over 16.7 17.0 16.7 16.7 15.8 NA
All Families with Children            
    Age 1-4 years 22.7 23.0 22.2 21.5 24.3 23.0
    Age 5-9 years 17.6 18.0 16.5 16.9 17.9 18.7
    Age 10-14 years 14.1 15.4 13.4 12.9 14.2 15.0
Married Couples with Children            
    Under 18 years 15.8 16.3 16.0 15.4 15.0 14.2
    Under 6 years 25.1 25.4 25.0 23.9 24.5 21.8
Single Parents with Children            
    Under 18 years 29.0 30.3 27.3 28.1 26.8 27.7
    Under 6 years 46.4 46.7 43.6 43.9 42.8 43.4

 

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