Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 1998. Economic Security Risk Factor 11. Percentage Residing in High-poverty Neighborhoods

10/01/1998

High-poverty neighborhoods are often associated with relatively lower quality services (e.g., education, medical) that can have a negative effect on development and increase the risk of dependence.

Figure ECON 11. Percentage of Total Population Residing in High-Poverty Neighborhoods, 1990

Figure ECON 11. Percentage of Total Population Residing in High-Poverty Neighborhoods, 1990

Source: Table ECON 11.


  • Black and Hispanic individuals were disproportionately represented in high-poverty neighborhoods in 1990, as shown in Figure ECON 11. Whereas 14 percent of black individuals and 9 percent of Hispanic individuals resided in neighborhoods where over 40 percent of residents were poor, only 1 percent of white individuals lived in such neighborhoods.
  • The percentage of black individuals living in high-poverty neighborhoods has increased over time, from 11 percent in 1970 to 14 percent in 1990, as shown in Table ECON 11. This has contributed to an overall increase in the percentage of the population residing in high-poverty neighborhoods, from 2 percent in 1970 to 3 percent in 1990.

Table ECON 11. Percentage of Total Population Residing in High-Poverty Neighborhoods, Selected Years

  1970 1980 1990

Note: Neighborhoods are defined as census tracts and block-numbering areas. A highpoverty area is defined as having 40% or more of the residents' incomes below the official poverty line.

Source: Jargowsky, Paul. Poverty and Place: Ghetto, Barrios, and the American City. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1997.

All persons 2.1 2.3 3.2
White 0.6 0.6 0.9
Black 11.2 12.1 14.3
Hispanic 8.2 7.3 9.0

 

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