Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 1998. Chapter I. Introduction

10/01/1998

The Welfare Indicators Act of 1994 (Pub. L. 103-432) directed the Secretary of Health and Human Services to develop indicators of the extent to which American families depend upon income from welfare programs and to publish annual reports on welfare dependency. These reports are to address questions concerning the extent to which American families depend on income from welfare programs such as Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC), the Supplemental Security Income Program (SSI) and the Food Stamp Program (FSP). (Data shown for 1997 and later years will include the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program in place of AFDC.) Specific issues that HHS is directed to address are the rate of welfare dependency, the degree and duration of welfare recipiency and dependence, and predictors of welfare dependence.

An Advisory Board on Welfare Indicators was established under the Act to assist the Secretary in defining welfare dependence and in choosing appropriate data for inclusion in the first annual report. The Board consisted of a bipartisan group of experts appointed by the Senate, the House of Representatives and the President. Before its termination in October 1997, the Board developed a statistical definition of welfare dependence and oversaw the production of the first of these Annual Reports. This second annual report gives updated data on the measures of welfare recipiency, dependency, and predictors of welfare dependence developed for last year's report.

 

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"Introduction" (pdf, 47.84Kb)

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"Indicators of Dependence" (pdf, 152.45Kb)

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"Predictors and Risk Factors Associated with Welfare Receipt (First Half)" (pdf, 158.1Kb)

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"Predictors and Risk Factors Associated with Welfare Receipt (Second Half)" (pdf, 150.06Kb)

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"Appendices (First Half)" (pdf, 182.84Kb)

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"Appendices (Second Half)" (pdf, 289.7Kb)

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