Indicators of Welfare Dependence: Annual Report to Congress, 1997. Teen Behavior Risk Factor 5. Never-married Family Status

10/01/1997

This measure complements the measures of nonmarital births by showing the "stock" of children living with never-married women. Children living with never-married women are at increased risk of dependence.

Figure TEEN 5.

  • The percent of children living with never-married women increased from 1984 to 1995 for all race groups. A larger percentage of black children lived in families headed by never-married women compared to other groups; the percentage for black children was almost three times higher than that for Hispanic children in 1995.
  • As shown in Table TEEN 5, the percentage of black and Hispanic children living in families headed by never-married women rose by about 50 percent from 1984 to 1995. Although the percentage of white children living in families headed by never-married women more than doubled (from 2 to 4 percent) over the same time period, the percentage for white children was significantly lower than for children in other racial groups.

 

Table TEEN 5. Percent of All Children Living in Families Headed by Never-Married Women

Year All White Black Hispanic
1984 5.2 1.9 23.9 6.5
1986 5.9 2.4 26.6 7.2
1988 7.0 3.0 30.4 9.2
1990 7.0 3.0 29.6 8.7
1992 8.4 3.9 33.1 10.3
1994 9.0 4.5 32.9 12.0
1995 8.7 4.3 32.3 10.8

Note: Data are for all children under 18 who are not family heads.

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, "Marital Status and Living Arrangements," Current Population Reports, Series P20-399, 418, 433, 450, 468, 484 and 491, various years.